Ptolemy III–XV

Ptolemy III–XV
(r. 246–30 BC) Macedonian kings of the Ptolemaic dynasty in Egypt.

Ptolemy III Euergetes ("Benefactor") (fl. 246–221) defeated the ruler of the Seleucid dynasty in the Third Syrian War (245–241). Ptolemy IV Philopator ("Father-loving") (r. 221–205) allowed Egypt to decline under his debauched rule. Ptolemy IX Soter II ruled with his mother (116–110, 109–107), until she expelled him and installed his brother Ptolemy X Alexander (r. 107–88). Alexander's unpopularity resulted in his expulsion, and he died at sea in 88. Soter II assumed sole rule (88–81), installing his brother's widow, his own daughter, with him. Ptolemy XI Alexander II (r. 80) was the last fully legitimate Ptolemaic king of Egypt. On the orders of Sulla, whose hostage he had been, he took Ptolemy IX Soter II's widow as wife and attempted to rule with her. This being unacceptable to the queen, Ptolemy murdered her and took sole power, for which the people of Alexandria killed him; his rule lasted 19 days. Of the remaining Ptolemies, Ptolemy XIV Theos Philopator II shared power (47–44) with his sister Cleopatra; it was probably she who had him assassinated, to make way for her son by Julius Caesar. Ptolemy XV Caesar, or Caesarion, shared power with his mother from 44; he was killed by Octavian (later Augustus) after Cleopatra's suicide in 30. His death marked the Roman conquest of Egypt and the dynasty's end.

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  • Ptolemy III Euergetes — ▪ Macedonian king of Egypt (Greek:Benefactor) flourished 246–221 BC       Macedonian king of Egypt, son of Ptolemy II; he reunited Egypt and Cyrenaica and successfully waged the Third Syrian War (Syrian Wars) against the Seleucid kingdom.… …   Universalium

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  • Ptolemy IV Philopator — King 221 204 BC.     The son of *Ptolemy III, Ptolemy IV took the name of Philopator which means father loving ; according to the custom of this dynasty, he married his sister, Arsinoe III.     He defeated Antiochus III of Syria at the battle of… …   Ancient Egypt

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