Pelée, Mount

Pelée, Mount
Active volcanic mountain, northern Martinique, West Indies.

It is northwest of Fort-de-France and is 4,583 ft (1,397 m) high. A gently sloping cone, it supports luxuriant forests. A violent eruption in 1902 destroyed the port of Saint-Pierre, killing about 30,000 people. A minor eruption occurred in 1929.

* * *

French  Montagne Pelée 

      active volcanic mountain on the Caribbean island of Martinique. Situated 15 miles (24 km) northwest of Fort-de-France, it reaches an elevation of 4,583 feet (1,397 metres). Pelée, whose name is a French term meaning “Bald,” consists of layers of volcanic ash and lavas. Its gently sloping cone is scored with ravines and supports luxuriant forests. Minor eruptions occurred in 1792 and 1851, but on May 8, 1902, it violently destroyed the port of Saint-Pierre, killing approximately 30,000 people, 15 percent of the island's population. So dramatic was this event that the name of the mountain has been adopted (as in the term pelean) to describe that particular kind of eruption of ash, gas, and deadly nuée ardente (“fiery cloud”). A minor eruption occurred in 1929.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pelée,Mount — Pe·lée (pə lāʹ), Mount A volcano, about 1,373 m (4,500 ft) high, on northern Martinique in the French West Indies. Its eruption on May 8, 1902, killed some 40,000 people. * * * …   Universalium

  • Pelée, Mount — geographical name volcano French West Indies in N Martinique; erupted 1902 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Pelée, Mount — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Mount Pelée — Mount Pelee Elevation 1,397 m (4,583 ft)  …   Wikipedia

  • mount — mount1 mountable, adj. mountless, adj. /mownt/, v.t. 1. to go up; climb; ascend: to mount stairs. 2. to get up on (a platform, a horse, etc.). 3. to set or place at an elevation: to mount a house on stilts. 4. to furnish with a horse or other… …   Universalium

  • Mount Revelstoke National Park — Mount Revelstoke Nationalpark Feuchtwiese im Hochland des Parks …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pelee — may refer to: *Pelee, Ontario, an island in Lake Erie, Canada *Point Pelee National Park, a park in Ontario, Canada *Mount Pelée, a volcano in MartiniqueSee also Pele (disambiguation) …   Wikipedia

  • Mount-Revelstoke-Nationalpark — Feuchtwiese im Hochland des Parks …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mount Revelstoke National Park — IUCN Category II (National Park) …   Wikipedia

  • Pelée — [pə lā′] Mount volcanic mountain on Martinique, in the West Indies: erupted 1902: 4,429 ft (1,350 m) …   English World dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”