Pelusium

Pelusium
Ancient Egyptian city.

Located on what was once the easternmost mouth of the Nile River, its ruins lay southeast of modern Port Said. Beginning in the 26th dynasty (с 7th century BC), it was the main frontier fortress facing Palestine and was a customs post for Asian goods. In 522 BC the Achaemenian Persians, under Cambyses II, defeated the pharaoh Psamtik III there. In Roman times it was a station on the trade route to the Red Sea; its ruins date from the Roman period.

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▪ ancient city, Egypt
Greek  Pelousion,  

      ancient Egyptian city on the easternmost mouth of the Nile River (long silted up). The Egyptians likely called it Saʾinu and also Per-Amon (House of Amon), whence perhaps the site's modern name, Tell Farama. It lies about 20 miles (32 km) southeast of Port Said, in the Sinai Peninsula. In the Bible the city is called (Ezekiel 30:15) “the stronghold of Egypt” (the name being given in the King James Version as Sin, transliterated from the Hebrew). In the 26th and later Egyptian dynasties, Pelusium was the main frontier fortress against Palestine and was a customs post for Asiatic goods. In 525 BC the Persians, under Cambyses II, defeated the Saite pharaoh Psamtik III there. During the periods of Egyptian independence from Persia (28th–29th dynasty), it was a vital defensive centre. In Roman times it was a station on the route to the Red Sea. Ruins date from the Roman period.

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  • Pelusium — was a city in the eastern extremes of Egypt s Nile Delta, 30 km to the southeast of the modern Port Said. Alternative names include Sena and Per Amun (Egyptian, Coptic: Coptic|Ⲡⲉⲣⲉⲙⲟⲩⲛ Paramoun meaning House or Temple of Amun), Pelousion (Greek,… …   Wikipedia

  • Pelusium — Pelusium in Hieroglyphen Neues Reich …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • PELUSIUM — oppid. in extrema Aegypti ora, quae Casiotidi contermina est, a quo et extremum Nili ostium, coeteris Orientalius, quô Aegyptus ab Asia terminatur, Pelusium, seu Pelusiacum vocatur. Nunc Carabes Tyrio, Lucan. l. 8. v. 466. In vada decurrit… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Pelusium — • Titular metropolitan see in Egypt, mentioned in Ezekiel 30:15 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Pelusium     Pelusium     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pelusium — Pelusium,   griechisch Pelusion, altägyptische Hafenstadt am östlichsten Mündungsarm des Nils, Grenzfestung gegen Palästina; Ruinen bei Tell Farama, 35 km südöstlich von Port Said. Durch seinen Sieg bei Pelusium (525 v. Chr.) begründete Kambyses… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Pelusĭum — Pelusĭum, jetzt versandeter Nilhafen (s. Nil, S. 700), wo einst ein wichtiger Flußarm mündete …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Pelusium — Pelusĭum, altägypt. befestigte Grenzstadt, an der Ostseite der Pelusischen Nilmündung; im Mittelalter Farama; Ruinen bei Tîneh. Hier siegte 525 v. Chr. Kambyses über die Ägypter und machte dem ägypt. Reiche ein Ende …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Pelusium — Pelusium, altägypt. Gränzfestung gegen Syrien (wahrscheinlich nach den Philistern benannt), am östl. Nilarme, am Rande der Wüste; die Ruinen bei Tineh in der Nähe von Damiette …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Pelusium — Péluse Article de la série Lieux égyptiens Lieux Nomes / Villes Monuments / Temples Région Basse Égypte / Moyenne Égypte Haute Égypte / Nubie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pelusium —    Ancient Sjn or P3y ir Imn. Modern Tell Farama. Major town on Egypt’s eastern border in the 14th Upper Egyptian nome. It is attested from the Old Kingdom to the Arabic Period. Pelusium was the first destination of invaders across the Sinai… …   Ancient Egypt

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