Nasmyth, James

Nasmyth, James
born Aug. 19, 1808, Edinburgh, Scot.
died May 7, 1890, London, Eng.

Scottish engineer.

Son of the artist Alexander Nasmyth (1758–1840), he is known mainly for his invention of the steam hammer (1839), an important metallurgical tool of the Industrial Revolution. He also devised tools such as a planing machine, a steam pile driver, and a hydraulic punching machine, and he manufactured more than 100 steam locomotives. He retired at 48 to devote himself to his hobby, astronomy.

* * *

▪ Scottish engineer
born Aug. 19, 1808, Edinburgh, Scot.
died May 7, 1890, London, Eng.

      British engineer known primarily for his invention of the steam hammer.

      Nasmyth showed an extraordinary mechanical inclination while still a schoolboy in Edinburgh, building successful model steam engines. For two years he worked in Henry Maudslay's machine shop in London and subsequently moved to Manchester, where rapid industrialization was in progress. In 1836 he began to build his own foundry near the junction of the Bridgewater Canal with the newly opened Liverpool and Manchester Railway. He made machine tools of all kinds along with a variety of steam-powered machines. Isambard Kingdom Brunel (Brunel, Isambard Kingdom), when designing his steamship Great Britain, originally made plans for paddle wheels of exceptional size. Nasmyth solved the challenging problem of forging the drive shaft by designing and fabricating a powerful steam hammer, which he patented in 1842. Although the Great Britain was eventually furnished with screw propellers instead of paddle wheels, the steam hammer immediately became an important part of the metallurgical arsenal of the Industrial Revolution.

      Besides steam hammers, Nasmyth manufactured more than 100 steam locomotives, many small high-pressure steam engines, and a variety of pumps, hydraulic presses, and other machines. At the age of 48 he retired from the foundry in order to devote himself to his hobby, astronomy. He wrote The Moon: Considered as a Planet, a World, and a Satellite (1874).

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nasmyth, James — (19 ago. 1808, Edimburgo, Escocia–7 may. 1890, Londres, Inglaterra). Ingeniero escocés. Hijo del artista Alexander Nasmyth (n. 1758–m. 1840), se le conoce principalmente por su invención del martillo de vapor (1839), una herramienta metalúrgica… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • James Nasmyth — James Nasmyth …   Wikipédia en Français

  • James — James, Henry James, Henry James, William * * * (as used in expressions) Agee, James Anderson, (James) Maxwell Audubon, John James Baldwin, James (Arthur) Balfour (de Whittingehame), Arthur James, 1 conde Ballard, J(ames) G(raham) Barrie, Sir… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • James Nasmyth — This article is about the Scottish engineer. For the inventor of basketball, see James Naismith. Infobox Scientist name = James Nasmyth image width = 220px caption = James Nasmyth birth date = 19 August 1808 birth place = Edinburgh, Scotland… …   Wikipedia

  • James — /jaymz/, n. 1. Also called James the Great. one of the 12 apostles, the son of Zebedee and brother of the apostle John. Matt. 4:21. 2. the person identified in Gal. 1:19 as a brother of Jesus: probably the author of the Epistle of St. James. 3.… …   Universalium

  • Nasmyth, Gaskell and Company — Nasmyth, Gaskell and Company, originally called The Bridgewater Foundry, specialised in the production of heavy machine tools and locomotives. It was located in Patricroft, in Salford England, close to the Liverpool and Manchester Railway, the… …   Wikipedia

  • James Nasmyth — auf einer Fotografie des Jahres 1844 von R. Adamson und D. O. Hill James Nasmyth (* 19. August 1808 in Edinburgh; † 7. Mai 1890 in London) war ein schottischer Ingenieur und Erfinder des Dampfhammers …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nasmyth (crater) — Coordinates 50°30′S 56°12′W / 50.5°S 56.2°W / …   Wikipedia

  • Nasmyth — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Alexander Nasmyth (1758–1840), schottischer Porträt und Landschaftsmaler James Nasmyth (1808–1890), schottischer Ingenieur Kim Nasmyth (* 1952), britischer Zellbiologe und Genetiker …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • James Fox (mecanicien) — James Fox (mécanicien) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Fox. James Fox (première moitié du XIXe siècle) est un mécanicien anglais, constructeur de machines outils Il mis au point ses principales inventions entre 1814 – 1847 [1]. Dans …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”