Marshall, George C(atlett)

Marshall, George C(atlett)
born Dec. 31, 1880, Uniontown, Pa., U.S.
died Oct. 16, 1959, Washington, D.C.

U.S. Army officer and statesman.

After graduating from the Virginia Military Institute, he served in the Philippines (1902–03) and in World War I. He was later an aide to Gen. John Pershing (1919–24) and assistant commandant of the army's infantry school (1927–33), where he taught many future commanders. As chief of staff of the U.S. Army (1939–45), he directed army operations throughout World War II. After his retirement in 1945, Pres. Harry Truman sent him to China to mediate the civil war there. As secretary of state (1947–49), Marshall proposed the European aid program known as the Marshall Plan and initiated discussions that led to the formation of NATO. He resigned because of ill health but was called back by Truman to become secretary of defense (1950–51) and to prepare the armed forces for the Korean War. In 1953 he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace.

George C. Marshall.

Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Marshall — es una ciudad del estado de Texas (Estados Unidos) situada cerca de las fronteras de Louisiana y Arkansas, en la Ark La Tex. Marshall es la ciudad principal del Condado de Harrison y tiene 23.935 habitantes (año 2000). Fue fundada en 1841 en la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Marshall — Marshall1 [mär′shəl] n. a masculine name: var. Marshal Marshall2 [mär′shəl] 1. George C(atlett) 1880 1959; U.S. general & statesman: U.S. Army chief of staff (1939 45): secretary of state (1947 49): originator of a plan (Marshall Plan) for… …   English World dictionary

  • Marshall — /mahr sheuhl/, n. 1. Alfred, 1842 1924, English economist. 2. George C(atlett) /kat lit/, 1880 1959, U.S. general and statesman: Secretary of State 1947 49; Nobel peace prize 1953. 3. John, 1755 1835, U.S. jurist and statesman: Chief Justice of… …   Universalium

  • Marshall — Mar•shall [[t]ˈmɑr ʃəl[/t]] n. 1) big George C(atlett), 1880–1959, U.S. general and statesman: Nobel peace prize 1953 2) big John, 1755–1835, Chief Justice of the U.S. 1801–35 3) big Thomas Riley, 1854–1925, vice president of the U.S. 1913–21 4)… …   From formal English to slang

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