/mahr"sheuhl/, n.
1. Alfred, 1842-1924, English economist.
2. George C(atlett) /kat"lit/, 1880-1959, U.S. general and statesman: Secretary of State 1947-49; Nobel peace prize 1953.
3. John, 1755-1835, U.S. jurist and statesman: Chief Justice of the U.S. 1801-35.
4. Thomas Riley, 1854-1925, vice president of the U.S. 1913-21.
5. Thurgood /therr"good/, 1908-93, U.S. jurist: associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court 1967-91.
6. a city in NE Texas. 24,921.
7. a town in central Missouri. 12,781.
8. a town in SW Minnesota. 11,161.
9. Also, Marshal. a male given name.

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(as used in expressions)
Field Marshall
Harlan John Marshall
James Marshall Hendrix
Republic of the Marshall Islands
Marshall Alfred
Marshall George Catlett
Marshall John
Marshall Paule
Marshall Thomas Riley
Marshall Thurgood
McLuhan Herbert Marshall
Nirenberg Marshall Warren

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      city, seat (1842) of Harrison county, northeastern Texas, U.S. The city lies 34 miles (55 km) west of Shreveport, Louisiana, and is part of a metropolitan and industrial area centred on Longview. Founded in 1841 by Isaac Van Zandt, it was named for U.S. Supreme Court Chief Justice John Marshall (Marshall, John). It served as the temporary Confederate capital of Missouri during the American Civil War when Governor C.F. Jackson, unable to induce Missouri to secede from the Union, moved the official seal and state records to Marshall. The Harrison County Historical Museum preserves documents and artifacts from this period.

      Situated on the Texas and Pacific Railway, the city has repair shops and serves as the centre of a farming and logging area with considerable oil production. Its manufactures include petrochemicals, plastics, and carbon. Marshall is the seat of East Texas Baptist University (1912) and Wiley College (1873). Caddo Lake State Park is a nearby refuge for water-sport and fishing enthusiasts. Starr Family State Historical Park preserves a 19th-century mansion built by an influential citizen of Marshall. Inc. town, 1843; city, 1848. Pop. (1990) city, 23,682; Longview-Marshall MSA, 193,801; (2000) city, 23,935; Longview-Marshall MSA, 208,780.

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Universalium. 2010.

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