Marengo, Battle of

Marengo, Battle of
(June 14, 1800) Narrow victory for Napoleon against Austria in the Napoleonic Wars, fought on the Marengo Plain in northern Italy.

The initial French force was overpowered, but when the Austrian commander gave up command to a subordinate in the belief that victory was secured, French reinforcements forced the Austrians into retreat. The victory resulted in the French occupation of Lombardy and secured Napoleon's military and civilian authority in Paris.

* * *

▪ European history
      (June 14, 1800), narrow victory for Napoleon Bonaparte in the War of the Second Coalition, fought on the Marengo Plain about 3 miles (5 km) southeast of Alessandria, in northern Italy, between Napoleon's approximately 28,000 troops and some 31,000 Austrian troops under General Michael Friedrich von Melas; it resulted in the French occupation of Lombardy up to the Mincio River and secured Napoleon's military and civilian authority in Paris.

      Napoleon led his army across several Alpine passes in May and cut Melas off from communication with Austria. Melas concentrated his troops at Alessandria to meet the French. Napoleon mistakenly thought Melas was at Turin, more than 50 miles (80 km) to the west, and his troops were widely separated when Melas attacked. The initial French force of about 18,000 men was at first overpowered by the Austrians and was pushed back 4 miles (6.4 km) by 3 PM. Melas, believing victory was secured, gave the command to a subordinate and retired to Alessandria. The slow Austrian pursuit enabled Napoleon to hold his forces together until the arrival of some 10,000 reinforcements, mainly General Louis Desaix's corps. The furious French counterattack at 5 PM, in which Desaix was killed almost immediately, forced the Austrians into headlong retreat. Austrian losses included about 7,500 killed and wounded and some 4,000 captured, while French losses totaled about 6,000. The next day Melas signed an armistice.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Marengo, Battle of — (1800)    The decisive last minute victoire politique of French First Consul Napoleon Bonaparte over the Austrian army under General der Kavallerie Michael Melas, which secured Napoleon’s grip on political power in Paris in the aftermath of the… …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • Battle of Marengo — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Marengo partof=the War of the Second Coalition caption=Louis François Lejeune: The Battle of Marengo date=14 June 1800 place=Spinetta Marengo, Alessandria, Piedmont, present day Italy result=French… …   Wikipedia

  • battle — battle1 battler, n. /bat l/, n., v., battled, battling. n. 1. a hostile encounter or engagement between opposing military forces: the battle of Waterloo. 2. participation in such hostile encounters or engagements: wounds received in battle. 3. a… …   Universalium

  • Marengo County, Alabama — Marengo County Courthouse in Linden, Alabama …   Wikipedia

  • Marengo Township, Michigan —   Township   …   Wikipedia

  • Marengo Order of Battle — Battle of Marengo Order of Battle The Battle of Marengo was fought on June 14, 1800 between the French army of First Consul Napoleon Bonaparte and an Austrian army led by General Michael von Melas. After bitter fighting throughout the morning and …   Wikipedia

  • Marengo — may refer to: The Battle of Marengo, in 1800 in northern Italy French ship Marengo Chicken Marengo, a food dish Marengo (genus), a genus of jumping spiders Marengo (horse), Napoleon s horse Marengo (racehorse), in the 1847 Grand National… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle Creek, Michigan — Battle Creek redirects here. For other uses, see Battle Creek (disambiguation). Battle Creek, Michigan   City   …   Wikipedia

  • Marengo (horse) — Napoleon Crossing the Alps painted by Jacques Louis David (1748 1825), oil on canvas, 259 x 221 cm (8 6 x 7 3 ), 1801. Horse in the painting is believed to be Marengo Marengo (c. 1793 1831) was the famous war mount of Napoleon I of France. Named… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Bosco Marengo — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Bosco Marengo caption= partof= date=October 18, 1447 [ [ testi=6 Comune di Bosco Marengo: La storia ] ] place=Bosco Marengo, Piedmont, Italy… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”