Le Van Duyet

Le Van Duyet
born 1763, Quang Ngai province, Viet.
died July 30, 1832, Saigon

Vietnamese military strategist and government official.

From his youth he was attached to the Vietnamese court. He acted as adviser to successive emperors and helped Prince Nguyen Anh (the future emperor Gia Long, founder of the Nguyen dynasty) conquer all of Vietnam, making use of Western armaments and military techniques. When Gia Long's successor ordered the persecution of Roman Catholic missionaries, Duyet refused; he was indicted posthumously for his defiance but later was honoured.

* * *

▪ Vietnamese statesman

born 1763, Quang Ngai province, Vietnam
died July 30, 1832, Saigon [now Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam]

      Vietnamese military strategist and government official who served as a diplomatic liaison between Vietnam and France and defended Christian missionaries against the early Nguyen emperors.

      From early youth, Duyet, who grew up in the Mekong River delta near My Tho, was attached to the Vietnamese court, first as a counselor to Prince Nguyen Anh, who became Emperor Gia Long, and later as an adviser to Emperor Minh Mang. Duyet accompanied Anh on military campaigns, and in 1801 he engineered a naval defeat of other contenders for the throne of Vietnam. Duyet's military strategy, combined with Western armaments and techniques supplied by the French, enabled Anh to conquer all Vietnam and to ascend the throne in 1802. In 1813 Duyet was named viceroy of the southernmost portion of the kingdom of Vietnam and was given the title grand eunuch of the court of Hue. (Duyet had been a eunuch from birth.)

      As Gia Long's (Gia Long) trusted adviser, Duyet often acted as intermediary between the emperor and the Europeans who visited Vietnam. He often interceded on behalf of European missionaries, because Gia Long was not sympathetic to their cause. Gia Long's successor, Minh Mang, who made Duyet governor of Gia Dinh province (1820–32), was more outspoken in his dislike of all Westerners. When Minh Mang ordered the persecution of Roman Catholic missionaries, Duyet refused to apply the orders in the provinces he governed. In defense of the Christians, he wrote to the emperor, “We still have between our teeth the rice which the missionaries gave us when we were starving.” For a time, Minh Mang allowed the missionaries to continue their preaching.

      When Duyet died, Minh Mang began his persecution in earnest, killing, imprisoning, or banishing missionaries from the kingdom and indicting Duyet posthumously. The emperor ordered Duyet's grave desecrated and had a plaque placed over the ruins with the inscription “Here lies the eunuch who resisted the law.” During the reign of Thieu Tri (1841–47) the grave was restored and declared a national monument.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Van — /van/; for 1, 2 also Turk. /vahn/, n. 1. Lake, a salt lake in E Turkey. 1454 sq. mi. (3766 sq. km). 2. a town on this lake. 88,597. 3. a male given name. * * * I City (pop., 1997: 226,965), eastern Turkey, on the eastern shore of Lake Van. The… …   Universalium

  • Le Van Duyet — (1763, provincia de Quang Ngai, Vietnam–30 jul. 1832, Saigón). Estratega militar y funcionario gubernamental vietnamita. Estuvo desde su juventud vinculado a la corte de Vietnam. Se desempeñó como asesor de sucesivos emperadores y ayudó al… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • van — van1 /van/, n. 1. the foremost or front division of an army, a fleet, or any group leading an advance or in position to lead an advance. 2. those who are in the forefront of a movement or the like. 3. the forefront in any movement, course of… …   Universalium

  • Van — En la mitología escandinava, los vanes son dioses de la fecundidad y riqueza, en contraposición a los ases. Muy populares entre los campesinos. Son divinidades pacifistas, de fuerte caracterización sexual y gran cohesión de grupo. Al principio de …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Le Van Khoi revolt — The Lê Văn Khôi revolt (1833 1835) was an important revolt in 19th century Vietnam, in which Southern Vietnamese, Vietnamese Catholics, French Catholic missionaries and Chinese settlers under the leadership of Le Van Khoi opposed the Imperial… …   Wikipedia

  • Le Van Khoi — Lê Văn Khôi ( 1834) was the adopted son of the Vietnamese general Le Van Duyet. He led the 1833 1835 Le Van Khoi revolt against Emperor Minh Mang, but died in 1834.As Le Van Duyet was being prosecuted and his relatives condemned, Le Van Khoi had… …   Wikipedia

  • Chau Van Tiep — In this Vietnamese name, the family name is Châu, but is often simplified to Chau in English language text. According to Vietnamese custom, this person should properly be referred to by the given name Tiep. Châu Văn Tiếp Born 1738 Phú Yên,… …   Wikipedia

  • Citadel of Saigon — Saigon, Vietnam Type Square Vauban Built 1790 Built by Nguyen Phuc Anh, Nguyen Dynast …   Wikipedia

  • Minh Mang — Minh Mạng 明命 Emperor of Vietnam Depiction of Minh Mạng from John Crawfurd s journal Reign …   Wikipedia

  • Nguyen Phuc Canh — Nguyễn Phúc Cảnh 阮福景 Crown Prince of Vietnam Close up of Nguyễn Phúc Cảnh, at the age of seven, in Paris, France. Painting in 1787 by Maupérin, located at the Paris Foreign Missions Society …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”