Laetus, Julius Pomponius

Laetus, Julius Pomponius
or Giulio Pomponio Leto

born 1428, Diano, Kingdom of Naples
died 1497, Rome

Italian humanist.

As a youth he decided to dedicate his life to the study of the ancient world. In Rome he gathered other humanists around him in a semisecret society, the Academia Romana. Their celebration of ancient Roman rites aroused the suspicions of Pope Paul II, who briefly dissolved the Academia and imprisoned Laetus and his associates. Laetus's lack of rigour and critical spirit have led modern scholars to treat his writings with caution.

* * *

▪ Italian humanist
(Latin),Italian  Giulio Pomponio Leto  
born 1428, Diano, Kingdom of Naples
died 1497, Rome

      Italian Humanist and founder of the Academia Romana, a semisecret society devoted to archaeological and antiquarian interests and the celebration of ancient Roman rites.

      As a youth, Laetus decided to dedicate his life to the study of the ancient world. He went to Rome c. 1450 and, in 1457, succeeded Lorenzo Valla, his former teacher, as professor of eloquence in the Gymnasium Romanum. From the outset he gathered round him a number of Humanists in a semisecret society, the Academia Romana. The members, who changed their Christian names to pagan ones, met not only to discuss their antiquarian and archaeological interests but to celebrate, under the direction of Laetus as pontifex maximus, rites and mysteries of pagan Rome, such as the birth of Romulus and the festival of the Palilia. Their admiration for the ancient world thus developed into a materialistic vision of life, in conscious opposition to Christian ideals, with the possible object of achieving revolutionary political reforms. Hence the Academia Romana fell under the suspicion of Pope Paul II, who in February 1468 dissolved it and arrested its members. Laetus, who for about a year had been living in Venice, was brought to Rome and imprisoned, but by May 1469 he and many of his associates were set free by an act of clemency. They did not regain full liberty until Sixtus IV, who succeeded Paul II in 1471, not only restored Laetus' professorship but also allowed the reconstitution of the Academia Romana.

      Between his release and his death Laetus pursued his scholastic studies with extraordinary zeal, interrupted only by two visits to northern Europe (1472–73, 1479–83). His works of this period include treatises concerning Roman antiquities, commentaries on Latin authors, and, most important, some editiones principes among which are those of Curtius and Varro, Pliny's Letters, and Sallust. Laetus is not regarded highly as a Humanist: despite his erudition, the lack of rigour and absence of critical spirit in his method cause his philological achievements to be treated with reserve by modern scholars.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Julius Pomponius Laetus — Julius Pomponius Laetus, also known as Giulio Pomponio Leto, (1425 ndash; June 9, 1498) was an Italian humanist. BackgroundLaetus was born at Teggiano, near Salerno, the illegitimate scion of the princely house of Sanseverino, Pastor reported.… …   Wikipedia

  • POMPONIUS Laetus Julius — Neapolitanus; fil. nothus Principis Salernitani. Floruit cum Platina et Callimacho, sub Pio II. non aeque sub Paulo II. aestimatus: contra quem coniurationisinitae particeps, Venetias profugit. Reversus postea Romam, ut Philosophus vixit, nullâ… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Julius Pomponius Laetus — Seite aus einer von Pomponius eigenhändig geschriebenen Handschrift (Claudian, In Rufinum mit Kommentar des Pomponius) Julius Pomponius Laetus (* 1428 in Diano [heute Teggiano], Provinz Salerno; † 9. Juni …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Julius — /joohl yeuhs/, n. a male given name: a Roman family name. * * * (as used in expressions) Agricola Gnaeus Julius Caesar Gaius Julius Cohn Ferdinand Julius Cohnheim Julius Friedrich Erving Julius Winfield Frontinus Sextus Julius Fuchs Emil Klaus… …   Universalium

  • Pomponius Laetus —     Pomponius Laetus     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pomponius Laetus     Humanist, b. in Calabria in 1425; d. at Rome in 1497. He was a bastard of the House of the Sanseverino of Naples, Princes of Salerno, but owing to his great admiration for… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pomponius Laetus — Pomponius Laetus,   Julius, italienisch Giulio Pomponio Leto, italienischer Humanist, * Diano (heute Teggiano, Provinz Salerno) 1428, ✝ Rom 21. 5. 1497 (oder 9. 6. 1498); studierte ab 1450 bei L. Valla in Rom, wurde dort 1465 Lehrer der Rhetorik… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Pomponius — was the nomen of the plebeian gens Pomponia . Towards the end of republic the Pomponii traced their origin to the remote times of the Roman state. They pretended to be descended from Pompo, one of the alleged sons of Numa Pompilius.Some members… …   Wikipedia

  • Pomponius — ist ein römischer Familienname (nomen gentile). Pomponius ist der Name folgender Personen: Pomponia Graecina († nach 83), eines fremden Aberglaubens angeklagt Pomponius Bassus (Konsul 211), römischer Politiker und Senator Pomponius Bassus (Konsul …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Laetus — ist der Name von Julius Pomponius Laetus (1428−1498; italienisch Giulio Pomponio Leto), italienischer Humanist Quintus Maecius Laetus, römischer Politiker, Senator und Prätorianerpräfekt Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Akademie (Platon) — Archäologische Ausgrabung der Platonischen Akademie im modernen Athener Stadtteil Akadimía Plátonos. Die Platonische Akademie ist die von Platon gegründete antike Philosophenschule in Athen und damit die älteste Institution dieser Art in… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”