Krupp family

Krupp family
German steel-manufacturing dynasty.

Friedrich Krupp (1787–1826) founded a steel factory in Essen in 1811. On his death his son Alfred (1812–1887) took full charge of the faltering concern at age 14. He made a fortune supplying steel to the railways and manufacturing cannons; the performance of Krupp guns in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870–71 led to the firm's being called "the Arsenal of the Reich." At Alfred's death he had armed 46 nations. The rise of the German navy and the need for armour plates further enriched the company under his son Friedrich Alfred (1854–1902). By the time Friedrich Alfred's elder daughter, Bertha (1886–1957), inherited control of the firm, it employed more than 40,000 people. Her husband, Gustav von Bohlen (1870–1950), affixed Krupp to the beginning of his name; an ardent Nazi, he ran the Krupp empire until 1943, when he was succeeded by their son Alfried Krupp (1907–1967). The Krupp works used slave labour during World War II and were a major part of the Nazi war machine; Alfried was later convicted of war crimes at Nürnberg. An Allied order to break up the company in 1953 languished for lack of a buyer, and Alfried eventually restored the Krupp fortune. See also Thyssen Krupp Stahl.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Krupp family — /krʌp/ (say krup) noun a German family of steel and armament manufacturers, based in Essen, a city in western Germany. 1. Friedrich, 1787–1826, considered to have founded the family business. 2. Alfred ( Cannon King ), 1812–87, son of Friedrich,… …   Australian-English dictionary

  • Krupp — The Krupp family, a prominent 400 year old German dynasty from Essen, have become famous for their steel production and for their manufacture of ammunition and armaments. The family business, known as Friedrich Krupp AG Hoesch Krupp in modern… …   Wikipedia

  • Krupp AG — ▪ German company also known as  Fried. Krupp        former German corporation that was one of the world s principal steelmakers and arms manufacturers until the end of World War II. For the rest of the 20th century it was an important… …   Universalium

  • Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach, Gustav — ▪ German diplomat and industrialist original name  Gustav Von Bohlen Und Halbach   born Aug. 7, 1870, The Hague, Neth. died Jan. 16, 1950, Blühnbach, near Salzburg, Austria       German diplomat who married the heiress of the Krupp family of… …   Universalium

  • family — /fam euh lee, fam lee/, n., pl. families, adj. n. 1. parents and their children, considered as a group, whether dwelling together or not. 2. the children of one person or one couple collectively: We want a large family. 3. the spouse and children …   Universalium

  • Krupp, Washington —   Town   Location of Krupp, Was …   Wikipedia

  • Krupp — [krup; ] Ger [ kroop] n. name of a family of Ger. steel & munitions manufacturers in the 19th & 20th cent …   English World dictionary

  • Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach, Alfried — ▪ German industrialist original name  (until 1943) Alfried Von Bohlen Und Halbach   born Aug. 13, 1907, Essen, Ger. died July 30, 1967, Essen, W.Ger.       German industrialist, last member of the Krupp dynasty of munitions manufacturers.… …   Universalium

  • Krupp, Friedrich — (1787–1826)    Founder of the Krupp cast iron factory, Friedrich Krupp descended from an old family of merchants. Endowed with a vision and a considerable heritage from his grandmother, he founded a cast iron works outside Essen in the Ruhr area… …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • Krupp — biographical name family of German munition makers: including Friedrich 1787 1826; his son Alfred 1812 1887; Alfred s son Friedrich Alfred 1854 1902; Friedrich Alfred s daughter Bertha 1886 1957; & Bertha s son Alfried 1907 1967 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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