Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach, Alfried

Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach, Alfried

▪ German industrialist
original name  (until 1943) Alfried Von Bohlen Und Halbach  
born Aug. 13, 1907, Essen, Ger.
died July 30, 1967, Essen, W.Ger.

      German industrialist, last member of the Krupp dynasty of munitions manufacturers.

      Alfried Krupp was the son of Bertha Krupp, the heiress of the Krupp industrial empire, and Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach. Shortly after the outbreak of World War II it became evident that his father was drifting into senility. Alfried assumed his duties, and in 1943 Adolf Hitler issued an unprecedented decree, the Lex Krupp (“Krupp Law”), which, abolishing in this one case the laws of inheritance, preserved the firm as a family property. Alfried now assumed the name of Krupp and became the sole owner of his mother's vast holdings.

      Alfried augmented this empire by seizing property in every country conquered by Germany. Already, in 1943, his salesmen were exporting finished machine products from his new Ukrainian plants and selling them in Bulgaria, Turkey, and Romania. When financier Robert Rothschild refused to sign over his French holdings to Alfried, Rothschild was shipped to the Auschwitz concentration camp and gassed. It was incidents of this kind, together with his exploitation of slave labour, that put Alfried in the prisoners' dock at the Nürnberg (Nürnberg trials) war-crimes trials after the war.

      At first the victorious Allies, under the impression that Gustav had been in charge throughout the war, had indicted him. In fact, it was Alfried who had been the head of the family and the firm during the years when the inmates of 138 concentration camps worked for Krupp; Alfried who had built a fuse factory inside Auschwitz to take full advantage of prison labour; and Alfried who had Jewish prisoners at Auschwitz build a howitzer factory in Silesia.

      The Nürnberg tribunal sentenced Alfried to 12 years in prison and ordered “forfeiture of all [his] property both real and personal.” Seven months after the outbreak of the Korean War (1950–53), however, John J. McCloy, U.S. high commissioner in American-occupied Germany, granted Alfried amnesty and restored all his holdings. Operating with tremendous skill and zeal, Alfried quickly restored the family firm to its former supremacy. By the early 1960s he was worth more than a billion dollars.

      Alfried Krupp's only son, Arndt, renounced his succession rights and his Krupp name. Thus, when Alfried died in 1967, the company went public, and the Krupp industrial family came to an end.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach, Alfried — 1907–1967    At the outbreak of World War II Krupp was one of three deputy directors of the massive Krupp industries which included the Essen armament factories and various mining, energy and steel making concerns. Between 1939 and 1943 Krupp… …   Who’s Who in World War Two

  • Alfried Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach — Alfried Krupp (rechts) und der Präsident von Togo, Sylvanus Olympio, in der Villa Hügel Alfried Felix Alwyn Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach (* 13. August 1907 in Essen; † 30. Juli 1967 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alfried Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach — Alfried Felix Alwyn Krupp von Bohlen und Halbachcite web url=http://encyclopedia.jrank.org/Cambridge/entries/076/Alfried Alwin Felix Krupp von .html title=Alfried (Felix Alwyn) Krupp (von Bohlen Und Halbach) Biography (1906–67) accessdate=2007 11 …   Wikipedia

  • Alfried-Krupp-von-Bohlen-und-Halbach-Stiftung — Die Alfried Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach Stiftung verwaltet das vormalige Familienvermögen und Erbe der Familie Krupp. Sie wurde von Alfried Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach gegründet. Mit seinem Tod am 30. Juli 1967 ging sein gesamtes Vermögen auf… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alfried Krupp Von Bohlen Und Halbach — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Bohlen et Krupp. Alfried Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach (13 août 1907 à Essen, Allemagne 30 juillet 1967 à Essen) fut un industriel allemand. Directeur des usines Krupp AG en 1937, puis seul… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Alfried krupp von bohlen und halbach — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Bohlen et Krupp. Alfried Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach (13 août 1907 à Essen, Allemagne 30 juillet 1967 à Essen) fut un industriel allemand. Directeur des usines Krupp AG en 1937, puis seul… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Alfried Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Bohlen et Krupp. Alfried Felix Alwyn Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach (13 août 1907 à Essen, Allemagne 30 juillet 1967 à Essen), dit également Alfried Krupp[1], était un industriel allemand,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Alfried Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach-Stiftung — Das Logo der Stiftung Die Alfried Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach Stiftung verwaltet das vormalige Familienvermögen und Erbe der Familie Krupp. Sie wurde von Alfried Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach gegründet. Mit seinem Tod am 30. Juli 1967 ging sein… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alfried Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach-Stiftung — Ạlfried Krụpp von Bohlen und Hạlbach Stiftung,   1967 durch testamentarische Verfügung von Alfried Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach (* 1907, ✝ 1967) errichtete Stiftung zur Förderung der Wissenschaft in Forschung und Lehre, einschließlich des… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach, Gustav — ▪ German diplomat and industrialist original name  Gustav Von Bohlen Und Halbach   born Aug. 7, 1870, The Hague, Neth. died Jan. 16, 1950, Blühnbach, near Salzburg, Austria       German diplomat who married the heiress of the Krupp family of… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”