Kamenev, Lev (Borisovich)

Kamenev, Lev (Borisovich)
orig. Lev Borisovich Rosenfeld

born July 18, 1883, Moscow, Russia
died Aug. 24, 1936, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R.

Russian political leader.

A member of the Bolsheviks from 1903, he worked with Vladimir Ilich Lenin in Europe (1909–14), then returned to Russia, where he was arrested and sent to Siberia. After the Russian Revolution of 1917, he served as head of the Moscow soviet (1919–25). When Lenin became seriously ill in 1922, Kamenev joined Joseph Stalin and Grigory Y. Zinovyev to form the ruling triumvirate, attacking Leon Trotsky. In 1925 Stalin shifted his attack to Kamenev and Zinovyev, removng Kamenev as Moscow party head. In 1926 Kamenev was expelled from the party after conspiring with Zinovyev and Trotsky against Stalin. In 1936 he was tried in the first of the purge trials and confessed to fabricated charges, hoping to save his family. He was executed, and his wife, Trotsky's sister, perished in the Gulag.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Kamenev, Lev Borisovich — ▪ Soviet government official original name Lev Borisovich Rosenfeld born July 18, 1883, Moscow, Russia died Aug. 24, 1936, Moscow  Old Bolshevik and prominent member of the Communist Party and Soviet government during the decade after the October …   Universalium

  • Kamenev,Lev Borisovich — Ka·me·nev (käʹmə nĕf, mĭ nyĭf), Lev Borisovich. 1883 1936. Russian Communist leader who ruled with Stalin and Zinoviev after the death of Lenin (1924) but was expelled as a Trotskyite (1927) and was later imprisoned (1934) and executed. * * * …   Universalium

  • KAMENEV, LEV — (pseudonym for Lev Borisovich Rosenfeld; 1883–1936), Soviet state and party activist. He was born in Moscow to a father who was an engineer and a Russian mother. Kamenev joined the Social Democratic Party in 1901, while studying law at Moscow… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Borisovich — (as used in expressions) Fyodor Borisovich Godunov Kamenev Lev Borisovich Lev Borisovich Rosenfeld Natan Borisovich Pevzner Shcharansky Anatoly Borisovich Shklovsky Viktor Borisovich * * * …   Universalium

  • lev — /lef/, n., pl. leva /lev euh/. a coin and monetary unit of Bulgaria, equal to 100 stotinki. Abbr.: L., LV. [1900 05; < Bulg: lit., lion, OCS livu, prob. < OHG lewo < L leo; see LEU] * * * (as used in expressions) Lev Samuilovich Rosenberg Ivanov… …   Universalium

  • Lev Borisovich Kamenev — Lew Borissowitsch Kamenew (russisch Лев Борисович Каменев  anhören?/i, geboren als Leo Rosenfeld; * 6. Julijul./ 18. Juli 1883greg. in Moskau; † 25. August 1936 ebenda) war ein sowjetischer Politiker …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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