July Days

July Days
(1917) Period in the Russian Revolution of 1917 during which Petrograd workers and soldiers staged armed demonstrations against the provisional government that resulted in a temporary decline of Bolshevik influence and in the formation of a new provisional government headed by Aleksandr Kerensky.

To undermine Bolshevik popularity, the government produced evidence that Vladimir Ilich Lenin had ties with the German government. The public reacted against the Bolsheviks, Lenin fled to Finland, and Leon Trotsky and other leaders were jailed. The reorganized government was overthrown by the Bolsheviks in October.

* * *

▪ Russian history
      (July 16–20 [July 3–7, old style], 1917), a period in the Russian Revolution (Russian Revolution of 1917) during which workers and soldiers of Petrograd (Saint Petersburg) staged armed demonstrations against the Provisional Government that resulted in a temporary decline of Bolshevik influence and in the formation of a new Provisional Government, headed by Aleksandr Kerensky (Kerensky, Aleksandr Fyodorovich). In June dissatisfied Petrograd workers and soldiers, using Bolshevik slogans, staged a demonstration and adopted resolutions against the government. On July 3 protestors, motivated in part by the resignation of the government's Kadet (Constitutional Democratic) ministers, marched through Petrograd to the Tauride Palace to demand that the Soviet of Workers' and Soldiers' Deputies assume formal power. The Bolsheviks, initially reluctant, attempted to prevent the demonstration but subsequently decided to support it.

      On July 4 the Bolsheviks planned a peaceful demonstration; but confused armed clashes broke out, injuring about 400 persons. Neither the Provisional Government nor the Soviet could control the situation. But the Soviet refused to take power, and the Bolshevik Party refrained from actually staging an insurrection. Thus, the demonstration was deprived of its political goal, and by nightfall the crowds had dispersed.

      To undermine Bolshevik popularity and reduce the threat of a coup d'etat, the government produced evidence that the Bolshevik leader Lenin (Lenin, Vladimir Ilich) had close political and financial ties with the German government. A public reaction set in against the Bolsheviks; they were beaten and arrested, their property destroyed, their leaders persecuted. Lenin fled to Finland; but others, including Trotsky, were jailed. The Provisional Government was reorganized, with Kerensky as prime minister. The new government, though largely Socialistic, proved to be only a short-lived concession to the demonstrators' demands for a revolutionary Soviet government. It was subsequently overthrown during the October (November) Revolution.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • July Days — The July Days refers to events in 1917 that took place in Petrograd, Russia, between July 3 and July 7 (Julian calendar) (July 16 July 20, Gregorian calendar), when soldiers and industrial workers in the city rioted against the Russian… …   Wikipedia

  • July Days (film) — Infobox Film name = July Days image size = caption = director = Robert F. McGowan producer = Hal Roach writer = Hal Roach H. M. Walker narrator = starring = Joe Cobb Jackie Condon Mickey Daniels Jack Davis Allen Hoskins Mary Kornman Ernie… …   Wikipedia

  • July Revolution — (1830) Insurrection that brought Louis Philippe to the throne of France. It was precipitated on July 26 by Charles X s publication of restrictive ordinances contrary to the spirit of the Charter of 1814. Demonstrations were followed by three days …   Universalium

  • July — /jooh luy , jeuh luy /, n., pl. Julies. the seventh month of the year, containing 31 days. Abbr.: Jul. [bef. 1050; ME julie < AF < L Julius (CAESAR), after whom it was named; r. OE Julius < L; ME ju(i)l < OF < L] * * * (as used in expressions)… …   Universalium

  • Days Gone Bye — The Walking Dead episode Rick Grimes arrives in Atlanta, searching for any signs of his family. Episode no …   Wikipedia

  • Days of Wine and Roses and Other TV Requests — Studio album by Andy Williams Released 1963 …   Wikipedia

  • July — is the seventh month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. It is, on average, the warmest month in most of the Northern hemisphere (where it is the second month of summer) and the… …   Wikipedia

  • Days Difference — Origin Virginia Beach, Virginia, United States Genres Rock Pop Instruments Guitar, Vocals, Drums, Bass Guitar Years active 2004–present …   Wikipedia

  • Days of our Lives — Main title card Genre Soap opera Created by Ted Corday Betty Corday …   Wikipedia

  • Days of the New — Origin Charlestown, Indiana, United States Genres Post grunge, acoustic rock, alternative rock Years active 1995–present Labels …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”