Ibn Sa{ʽ}ūd

Ibn Sa{ʽ}ūd
in full ʽAbd al-ʽAzīz ibn ʽAbd al-Raḥmān ibn Fayṣal Āl Saʽūd

born с 1880, Riyadh, Arabian Peninsula
died Nov. 9, 1953, Al-Ṭāʾif, Saud.Ar.

Founder of modern-day Saudi Arabia.

Though the Saūd dynasty had ruled much of Arabia from 1780 to 1880, in Ibn Saʽūd's infancy the family was forced out by its rivals, the Rashīds. At age 21 Ibn Saʽūd led a daring raid against the Rashīds and recaptured the family capital, Riyadh. He was driven out two years later but reconstituted his forces and fought on, using puritanical Wahhābī Islam to rally nomadic tribesmen to his cause, thereby forming the Ikhwān. In 1920–22 he defeated the Rashīds and doubled his own territory. In 1924 he conquered the Hejaz (see Husayn ibn Alī). In 1932 he formally created the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, which he ruled as an absolute monarch. He signed his first oil deal in 1933 but remained virtually penniless until the 1950s, when oil revenues began pouring in. His sons succeeded him.

Ibn Saʽūd

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  • Ibn — ist ein Bestandteil männlicher arabischer Namen mit der Bedeutung „Sohn von“. Statt Ibn wird zur Angabe der Aszendenz (Vorfahrenschaft) auch Ben oder Bin und Bar genutzt. Ben wird auch in anderen semitischen Sprachen zur Angabe der Aszendenz… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ibn — ● ibn Mot arabe signifiant fils, et entrant dans la composition de nombreux noms propres au sens de « fils de… ». (On dit aussi ben.) ● ibn (difficultés) Orthographe Cet élément d origine arabe (= fils de) est utilisé en français dans la… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Ibn Saʽūd — Ibn Sa<>ʽ<>ūd por ext. ʽAbd al ʽAzīz ibn ʽAbd al RaFONT face=Tahomaḥmān ibn FayFONT face=Tahomaṣal Āl Saʽūd ( 1880, Riyad, península Arábiga–9 nov. 1953, Al FONT face=TahomaṬāʾif, Arabia Saudita). Fundador de la actual Arabia Saudita.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Ibn — <aus gleichbed. arab. ibn> Sohn (Teil arab. Personennamen, z. B. Ibn Saud, Ibn Al Farid) …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • Ibn — (arab., daneben Ebn, Abn und Ben), Sohn, Nachkomme, dient zur Zusammensetzung vieler arabischer Namen, z. B. Ibn Sînâ (Avicenna), Ibn Batûta. Vgl. Ben und Beni …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • ibn — íbn (bȅn, bȉn) m <indekl.> DEFINICIJA patronimički dodatak pred arapskim vlastitim imenima na arapskom jeziku označava oca [Alija ibn Saud Alija sin Saudov] ETIMOLOGIJA tur. bin, ibni ← arap. ibn: sin, patronimik uz os. ime …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Ibn al... — Ibn al..., s. Ibn el …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ibn at... — Ibn at..., s. Ibn et …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ibn — (izg. íbn) DEFINICIJA 1. al Arabi (1165 1240), španjolski sufijski učitelj i pjesnik; naučavao da je ljubav važnija od znanja i vjere, napisao o. 400 knjiga, snažno utjecao na Dantea 2. Ezra Abraham (1092/93 1167), židovsko španjolski pjesnik,… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • ibn- — combining form. Arabic. son; son of: »Abdul ibn Saud, a king of Saudi Arabia …   Useful english dictionary

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