Hampton, Wade

Hampton, Wade
born March 28, 1818, Charleston, S.C., U.S.
died April 11, 1902, Columbia, S.C.

U.S. political leader and Confederate army officer.

He studied law but never practiced, prefering instead to manage his family's plantations in Mississippi and South Carolina. From 1852 to 1861 he served in the South Carolina legislature. In the American Civil War he organized and led "Hampton's Legion" of South Carolina troops for the Confederate States of America and saw combat in many key battles. He eventually served as second in command under Jeb Stuart. After Stuart's death, Hampton was promoted to major general and led the cavalry (1864). After the war he sought reconciliation but opposed the policies of Reconstruction. As governor of South Carolina (1876–79), he led the fight to restore white supremacy. He later served in the U.S. Senate (1879–91).

Wade Hampton

By courtesy of the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

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▪ Confederate general
born March 28, 1818, Charleston, S.C., U.S.
died April 11, 1902, Columbia, S.C.
 Confederate war hero during the American Civil War who restored Southern white rule to South Carolina following Radical Reconstruction.

      Born into an aristocratic plantation family, Hampton graduated from South Carolina College in 1836 and studied law. He never practiced, however, instead devoting himself to the management of his family's landholdings in Mississippi and South Carolina.

      From 1852 to 1861 Hampton served in the South Carolina legislature. He consistently upheld a conservative position on slavery and secession. When the South seceded, Hampton gave unstintingly of himself and his fortune to the Confederacy. Though lacking military experience, he organized and commanded “Hampton's Legion” of South Carolina troops. He rose from colonel to lieutenant general and saw combat in many key battles. He served as second in command to General J.E.B. Stuart and, after Stuart's death, led the cavalry corps. Wounded three times, he survived to become a military hero to the defeated South and a symbol of the nobility and gallantry of the “Lost Cause.”

      Hampton backed Pres. Andrew Johnson's plans for Reconstruction and sought reconciliation between North and South. But with the imposition of Radical policies, Hampton took the lead in South Carolina in the fight to restore white supremacy. With the Republicans firmly in control from 1868 to 1876, however, he devoted himself primarily to restoring his greatly depleted fortune. In 1876 he campaigned vigorously as the Democratic candidate for governor. His triumph was largely attributable to systematic efforts by his backers to prevent blacks from voting.

      Reelected in 1878, Hampton resigned the following year when elected to the U.S. Senate. He served until 1891, defeated for reelection the previous year by “Pitchfork Ben” Tillman. The transition from Hampton to Tillman represented the end of rule by genteel antebellum aristocrats in the South. Hampton served as a commissioner of Pacific Railways from 1893 to 1897 before retiring to Columbia.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Hampton,Wade — Hampton, Wade. 1818 1902. American Confederate general in the Civil War who later served as governor (1876 1879) and U.S. senator (1879 1891) for South Carolina. * * * …   Universalium

  • Hampton, Wade — (28 mar. 1818, Charleston, S.C., EE.UU.–11 abr. 1902, Columbia, S.C.). Dirigente político estadounidense y oficial del ejército confederado. Estudió derecho, pero nunca ejerció, pues prefirió administrar las plantaciones familiares en Mississippi …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Wade Hampton — may refer to:*Wade Hampton I (1752 1835), American soldier in Revolutionary War and War of 1812 *Wade Hampton II (1791 1858), American plantation owner and soldier in War of 1812 *Wade Hampton III (1818 1902), American Civil War soldier and… …   Wikipedia

  • Wade Hampton I. — Wade Hampton Wade Hampton I. (* 1754 in South Carolina; † 4. Februar 1835 in Columbia, South Carolina) war ein US amerikanischer Soldat des Amerikanischen Unabhängigkeitskrieges und des Krieges von 1812, Großgrundbesitzer und …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Wade Hampton III — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Wade Hampton. Wade Hampton III durant la guerre civile américaine. Wade Hampton III (né à Charleston le 28 mars 1818, mort …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hampton — /hamp teuhn/, n. 1. Lionel, born 1913, U.S. jazz vibraphonist. 2. Wade /wayd/, 1818 1902, Confederate general: U.S. senator 1879 91. 3. a city in SE Virginia, on Chesapeake Bay. 122,617. 4. a town in SE New Hampshire. 10,493. * * * I City (pop.,… …   Universalium

  • Wade Hampton I — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Wade Hampton. Wade Hampton (1754 4 février 1835) combattant de l indépendance lors de la révolution américaine, membre du Congrès des États Unis représentant la Caroline du Sud de 1795 à 1797 puis de 1803 à 1805 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • wade — /wayd/, v., waded, wading, n. v.i. 1. to walk in water, when partially immersed: He wasn t swimming, he was wading. 2. to play in water: The children were wading in the pool most of the afternoon. 3. to walk through water, snow, sand, or any… …   Universalium

  • Hampton — ► C. de E.U.A., en el estado de Virginia, junto a la bahía de Chesapeake y frente a Norfolk; forma parte del área urbana de Newport; 122 617 h. Centro de investigaciones aeronáuticas y espaciales. Hampton, Lionel * * * (as used in expressions)… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Wade — /wayd/, n. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Barkley Charles Wade Hampton Wade Roe v. Wade Wade Benjamin Franklin Wade Davis Bill * * * …   Universalium

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