Gris, Juan

Gris, Juan
orig. José Victoriano González Pérez

born March 23, 1887, Madrid, Spain
died May 11, 1927, Boulogne-sur-Seine, Fr.

Spanish painter active in Paris.

He studied engineering at the Madrid School of Arts and Manufactures (1902–04). In 1906 he moved to Paris and began producing drawings in the Art Nouveau style for newspapers. He became involved with the Cubist artists, notably Pablo Picasso, and soon developed his own version of Synthetic Cubism, a style more severe and calculated than that of other Cubists. His works, typically still lifes, are characterized by rigorously geometric compositions. His technique included the use of paper collage. He also produced sculpture, book illustrations, and sets and costumes for Sergey Diaghilev's Ballets Russes.

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▪ Spanish painter
original name  José Victoriano González  
born March 23, 1887, Madrid, Spain
died May 11, 1927, Boulogne-sur-Seine, France

      Spanish painter whose lucidly composed still lifes are major works of the style called Synthetic Cubism.

      Gris studied engineering at the Madrid School of Arts and Manufactures from 1902 to 1904, but he soon began making drawings for newspapers in the sensuously curvilinear Art Nouveau style. He moved to Paris in 1906 and settled at the Bateau-Lavoir, an artists' dwelling where his compatriot Pablo Picasso lived. Gris was thus in touch with the evolution of Cubism, a style initiated by Picasso and Georges Braque (Braque, Georges) around 1907. Gris executed his first serious paintings in 1910 and adopted the Cubist style the following year. In 1912 the prominent art dealer Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler (Kahnweiler, Daniel-Henry) agreed to purchase his entire artistic output.

      In 1912 Picasso and Braque abandoned their abstract analyses of form and began to synthesize images from found shapes and textures, a style that is referred to as Synthetic Cubism. The following year Gris arrived at his own personal and mature version of Synthetic Cubism. His works are characterized by rigorously geometric compositions in which fragmented objects and sharp-edged planes are articulated with maximum clarity. A more theoretical painter than Picasso or Braque, Gris systematized their discoveries, making their intuitions comprehensible and, consequently, helping to spread the Cubist style. His version of Cubism was more severe and classical, and less spontaneous, than theirs. Between 1921 and 1927, however, Gris transformed his Synthetic Cubist idiom so that his style became increasingly free and lyrical.

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gris,Juan — Gris (grēs), Juan. Originally José Victoriano Gonzáles. 1887 1927. Spanish painter who adopted and further developed cubism. His works include Homage to Picasso (1912). * * * …   Universalium

  • Gris, Juan — ► (1887 1927) Seudónimo de José Victoriano González, pintor español. En París se introdujo en el ambiente del famoso Bateau Lavoir, donde coincidió con Picasso, Braque, Apolillaire, entre otros. Fue siempre fiel al cubismo sintético, teóricamente …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Gris, Juan — pseud. di González, José Victoriano …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Gris — (izg. grȋs), Juan (1887 1927) DEFINICIJA španjolski slikar, pionir i teoretičar tzv. sintetskog kubizma; sistematizirao Picassova i Braqueova otkrića; upotrebljavao među prvima lijepljeni papir (tehniku kolaža) na 2D slici …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Juan Gris — Amedeo Modigliani: Porträt Juan Gris, 1915, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York Juan Gris (* 23. März 1887 in Madrid; † 11. Mai 1927 in Boulogne sur Seine, Frankreich; eigentlich José Victoriano Carmelo Carlos González Pérez) war ein spanischer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Juan Gris — Retrato de Picasso pintado por Juan Gris. José Victoriano González Pérez (Madrid, 23 de marzo de 1887 Boulogne sur Seine, Boulogne Billancourt, Francia, 11 de mayo de 1927), conocido artísticamente como Juan Gris, fue un pintor español que… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Gris — (Del germ. gris.) ► adjetivo/ sustantivo masculino 1 Se aplica al color que resulta de la mezcla de blanco y negro, como el de la ceniza. IRREG. plural grises ► adjetivo 2 Que es triste o sombrío: ■ me gustan los días grises del otoño. SINÓNIMO… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Juan — ► sustantivo masculino 1 coloquial En la expresión don juan, se usa para designar al hombre audaz y mujeriego. SINÓNIMO tenorio 2 coloquial Se utiliza para señalar a un hombre de poco carácter, que se deja conducir por otros, especialmente, por… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Juan — /wahn/; Sp. /hwahn/, n. a male given name, Spanish form of John. * * * (as used in expressions) Arévalo Bermejo Juan José Bosch Gaviño Juan Cabrillo Juan Rodríguez Don Juan Finlay Carlos Juan Gómez Juan Vicente Gris Juan Jiménez Juan Ramón Juan… …   Universalium

  • GRIS (J.) — Peintre espagnol de l’école de Paris mort prématurément, Juan Gris est aujourd’hui considéré comme l’un des maîtres du cubisme, le seul dont l’œuvre puisse se comparer à celle d’un Braque ou d’un Picasso. Il joua un rôle prépondérant dans… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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