Dinwiddie, Robert

Dinwiddie, Robert
born 1693, Germiston, near Glasgow, Scot.
died July 27, 1770, Clifton, Bristol, Eng.

British colonial administrator.

He entered government service in 1727 and was appointed surveyor general for the southern part of America (1739–51). As lieutenant governor of Virginia, he sent George Washington in 1753 to prevent the French from controlling the western frontier, an action that helped precipitate the French and Indian War. He tried to obtain intercolonial cooperation for the war effort, an issue taken up at the Albany Congress. In 1758 he returned to England.

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▪ British colonial administrator
born 1693, Germiston, near Glasgow, Scot.
died July 27, 1770, Clifton, Bristol, Eng.

      British colonial administrator who as lieutenant governor of Virginia helped precipitate the French and Indian War.

      After working as a merchant, Dinwiddie entered British government service in 1727 as collector of the customs for Bermuda. In 1738 he was appointed surveyor general (of revenues) for the southern part of America. In 1741 he became a member of the Governor's Council of Virginia.

      Dinwiddie was appointed lieutenant governor of Virginia (in fact acting as governor, since the office of governor was a sinecure) and shortly thereafter became embroiled in a controversy with the House of Burgesses over his right to institute “pistole” fees, or taxes on land patents without the owners' consent. The Board of Trade decided the issue in favour of Virginia's lower house.

      A more serious issue arose in 1753, when Dinwiddie, supporting land claims of the Ohio Company, sent George Washington (Washington, George) to western Pennsylvania to advise the French to leave the Ohio country. Washington's mission led to a skirmish with the French the next year that, in turn, marked the onset of the French and Indian War.

      In 1755 the disastrous defeat of General Edward Braddock near Fort Duquesne in Pennsylvania left Dinwiddie with the difficult task of protecting Virginia's exposed frontier settlements. He raised ranger companies and a regiment under Washington and tried continuously and vigorously to obtain intercolonial cooperation for the war effort by corresponding with various colonial officials. In 1757 Dinwiddie requested leave to return to England. He departed from Virginia on Jan. 12, 1758, to spend his last years in virtual retirement in England.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Dinwiddie,Robert — Din·wid·die (dĭn wĭdʹē, dĭnʹwĭd ē), Robert. 1693 1770. Scottish born British colonial administrator in Virginia. As lieutenant governor of the colony (1751 1758) he attempted unsuccessfully to secure the frontier regions against the encroachments …   Universalium

  • Dinwiddie, Robert — (1693, Germiston, cerca de Glasgow, Escocia–27 jul. 1770, Clifton, Bristol, Inglaterra). Administrador colonial británico. Ingresó al servicio del gobierno en 1727 y fue nombrado agrimensor general de la parte meridional de América del Norte… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Robert Dinwiddie — (* 1693; † 27. Juli 1770 in Clifton, England) war ein britischer Kolonialbeamter, der von 1751 bis 1758 als Lieutenant Governor, d. h. als stellvertretender Gouverneur der Kolonie Virginia diente. Da seine nominellen Vorgesetzten bis Juli… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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