Carrel, Alexis

Carrel, Alexis
born June 28, 1873, Sainte-Foy-lès-Lyon, Fra.
died Nov. 5, 1944, Paris

French surgeon, sociologist, and biologist.

He received a 1912 Nobel Prize for developing a way to suture (stitch) blood vessels and laid the groundwork for further studies of blood-vessel and organ transplantation. He also researched preservation of tissues outside the body and the application of the process to surgery, and he helped develop the Carrel-Dakin method of flushing wounds with an antiseptic. His writings include Man, the Unknown (1935), The Culture of Organs (with Charles A. Lindbergh, 1938), and Reflections on Life (1952).

* * *

▪ French surgeon, sociologist, and biologist
born June 28, 1873, Sainte-Foy-lès-Lyon, France
died November 5, 1944, Paris
 French surgeon who received the 1912 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for developing a method of suturing blood vessels (blood vessel).

      Carrel received an M.D. (1900) from the University of Lyon. Soon after graduating, he became interested in the repair of blood vessels, and he developed a method to suture them together end-to-end with a minimum of stitches. This technique became essential for many surgical operations, including the transplantation of blood vessels and organs. In 1904 Carrel left France for the United States, working first at the University of Chicago and then at the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research in New York City. There he investigated the preservation of living tissues (tissue) outside the body, keeping organs or tissues alive—in one famous case, for more than 30 years—by circulating tissue-culture fluid through them. During World War I Carrel returned to France, where he helped to develop the Carrel-Dakin method (Dakin's solution) of treating wounds with antiseptic fluids in order to prevent infection. After 1919 he continued his work at the Rockefeller Institute until 1939, when he returned to France. In 1941 he became director of the French Foundation for the Study of Human Problems in Paris. His book Man, the Unknown (1935) expounded many of his religious and social ideas.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • CARREL (ALEXIS) — CARREL ALEXIS (1873 1944) Chirurgien, sociologue et biologiste, qui a reçu en 1912 le prix Nobel de physiologie et de chirurgie physiologique pour la mise au point d’une méthode de suture des vaisseaux sanguins et qui jeta les premières bases des …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Carrel , Alexis — (1873–1944) French surgeon Carrel received his medical degree from the university in his native city of Lyons in 1900. In 1902 he started to investigate techniques for joining (suturing) blood vessels end to end. He continued his work at the… …   Scientists

  • Carrel, Alexis — (1873 1944)    surgeon, physiologist, Nobel laureate    Born in Foy lès Lyon and educated at the university of lyon, Alexis Carrel, who did his research both in France and in the united states, was awarded the Nobel Prize in physiology in 1912… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Carrel, Alexis — ► (1873 1944) Fisiólogo francés. Fue premio Nobel de Medicina y Fisiología en 1912. Realizó experimentos sobre los vasos sanguíneos y trasplante y conservación de tejidos vivos. * * * (28 jun. 1873, Sainte Foy lès Lyon, Francia–5 nov. 1944,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Carrel,Alexis — Car·rel (kə rĕlʹ, kărʹəl), Alexis. 1873 1944. French born American surgeon and biologist. He won a 1912 Nobel Prize for his work on vascular ligature and grafting of blood vessels and organs. * * * …   Universalium

  • Carrel — Carrel, Alexis …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Alexis Carrel — Nombre …   Wikipedia Español

  • Alexis Carrel — (* 28. Juni 1873 in Lyon, (Frankreich); † 5. November 1944 in Paris) war ein französischer Chirurg und erhielt 1912 den Nobelpreis für Medizin. Alexis Carrel konzentrierte sich vor allem auf die experimentelle …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Carrel — (Alexis) (1873 1944) physiologiste et chirurgien français; auteur de l Homme, cet inconnu (1936). P. Nobel 1912 …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Alexis Carrel — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Carrel. Alexis Carrel Alexis Carrel Naissance 28 juin …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”