Calmette, Albert (Léon Charles)

Calmette, Albert (Léon Charles)
born July 12, 1863, Nice, Fr.
died Oct. 29, 1933, Paris

French bacteriologist.

In the 1890s he founded the Pasteur bacteriological institutes in Saigon and later Lille. He discovered in 1908 that tuberculosis bacteria from cattle were weakened when cultured with bile, producing a strain of bacteria that provoked a protective immune reaction without causing disease. That discovery led him to develop, with Camille Guérin, a tuberculosis vaccine. He also described a test (Calmette reaction) for tuberculosis and discovered an antivenin for snakebite.

Calmette

Harlingue-H. Roger-Viollet

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Calmette, Albert (Léon Charles) — (12 jul. 1863, Niza, Francia–29 oct. 1933, París). Bacteriólogo francés. En la década de 1890 fundó los institutos bacteriológicos Pasteur de Saigón y, más tarde, de Lille. En 1908 descubrió que las bacterias de la tuberculosis del ganado se… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Calmette, Albert — ▪ French bacteriologist in full  Albert Léon Charles Calmette   born July 12, 1863, Nice, France died Oct. 29, 1933, Paris       French bacteriologist, pupil of Louis Pasteur, and codeveloper with Camille Guérin (Guérin, Camille) of the… …   Universalium

  • Charles — Charles, Ray * * * (as used in expressions) Adams, Charles Francis Addams, Charles (Samuel) Atlas, Charles Babbage, Charles Barkley, Charles (Wade) Charles Daly Barnet Bartlett, Sir Frederic C(harles) Baudelaire, Charles (Pierre) Charles Edward… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Albert — Albert, Catalina * * * (as used in expressions) Achebe, (Albert) Chinua(lumogu) Barnes, Albert C(oombs) Beveridge, Albert J(eremiah) Bierstadt, Albert Billroth, (Christian Albert) Theodor Blakeslee, Albert Francis Brisbane, Albert Charles Albert… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Calmette — Calmette,   Albert Léon Charles, französischer Bakteriologe, * Nizza 12. 7. 1863, ✝ Paris 29. 10. 1933; war Marinearzt, ab 1886 Professor und Direktor des Institut Pasteur in Saigon, ab 1894 in Lille, später Abteilungsleiter im Pariser Institut… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Charles — /chahrlz/, n. 1. (Prince of Edinburgh and of Wales) born 1948, heir apparent to the throne of Great Britain (son of Elizabeth II). 2. Ray (Ray Charles Robinson), born 1930, U.S. blues singer and pianist. 3. Cape, a cape in E Virginia, N of the… …   Universalium

  • Albert — /al beuhrt/, n. 1. Carl (Bert), born 1908, U.S. politician: Speaker of the House 1971 77. 2. Prince (Albert Francis Charles Augustus Emanuel, Prince of Saxe Coburg Gotha), 1819 61, consort of Queen Victoria. 3. Lake. Also called Albert Nyanza. a… …   Universalium

  • Albert Calmette — Léon Charles Albert Calmette Léon Charles Albert Calmette (* 12. Juli 1863 in Nizza; † 29. Oktober 1933 in Paris) war ein französischer Arzt, Bakteriologe und Immunologe. Er entdeckte den Bacillus Calmette Guérin, einen Impfstoff …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Albert Calmette — Léon Charles Albert Calmette ( * 12 de julio de 1863 – 29 de octubre de 1933) fue un médico …   Wikipedia Español

  • Albert Calmette — Infobox Scientist name = Albert Calmette box width = image width =150px caption = Albert Calmette birth date = July 12, 1863 birth place = Nice, France death date = October 29, 1933 death place = Paris residence = citizenship = nationality =… …   Wikipedia

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