Calder, Alexander (Stirling)

Calder, Alexander (Stirling)
born July 22, 1898, Lawnton, Pa., U.S.
died Nov. 11, 1976, New York, N.Y.

U.S. sculptor.

He was the son and grandson of sculptors, and his mother was a painter. He studied mechanical engineering, and in 1923 attended the Art Students League, where he was influenced by artists of the Ash Can school. In 1924 he contributed illustrations to the National Police Gazette. In 1926 he moved to Paris and began making toylike animals and circus figures of wood and wire; from these he developed his famous miniature circus. In the 1930s he became well known in Paris and the U.S. for his wire sculptures, as well as for portraits, continuous-line drawings, and abstract, motor-driven constructions. He is best known as the inventor of the mobile, a forerunner of kinetic sculpture. He also constructed nonmovable sculptural works known as stabiles. Although Calder's early mobiles and stabiles were relatively small, he increasingly moved toward monumentality in his later works. His art was recognized with many large-scale exhibitions.

Calder, photograph by Yousuf Karsh, 1966.

©Karsh/Woodfin Camp and Associates

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Stirling — /sterr ling/, n. 1. Also called Stirlingshire /sterr ling shear , sheuhr/. a historic county in central Scotland. 2. a city in and the administrative center of the Central region, in central Scotland, on the Forth River. 29,769. * * * I Town and… …   Universalium

  • alexander — /al ig zan deuhr, zahn /, n. (often cap.) a cocktail made with crème de cacao with gin or brandy (brandy alexander) and sweet cream. [1925 30; prob. after the proper name] * * * (as used in expressions) Agassiz Alexander Emmanuel Rodolphe… …   Universalium

  • Alexander — /al ig zan deuhr, zahn /, n. 1. See Alexander the Great. 2. Also, Alexandros. Class. Myth. Homeric name for Paris. 3. Franz /frants, franz, frahnts/, 1891 1964, U.S. psychoanalyst, born in Hungary. 4. Grover Cleveland …   Universalium

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