Buckingham, 1st duke of

Buckingham, 1st duke of
orig. George Villiers

born Aug. 28, 1592, Brooksby, Leicestershire, Eng.
died Aug. 23, 1628, Portsmouth, Hampshire

English courtier and politician.

Charming and handsome, he quickly became a royal favourite of James I and the future Charles I. He became lord high admiral in 1619 and was created a duke in 1623, but his arrogance and abuse of power made him highly unpopular. His erratic foreign policy led to a series of disasters, including failed military expeditions to Spain and France. A bill to impeach him was introduced in Parliament in 1626, prompting Charles to dissolve Parliament. When Buckingham was assassinated by a naval lieutenant, Londoners rejoiced.

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Universalium. 2010.

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