Buck, Pearl

Buck, Pearl
orig. Pearl Sydenstricker

born June 26, 1892, Hillsboro, W.Va., U.S.
died March 6, 1973, Danby, Vt.

U.S. author.

Buck was reared in China by her missionary parents and later taught in a Chinese university. Her first book to reach a wide audience was The Good Earth (1931, Pulitzer Prize), describing the struggles of a Chinese peasant and his slave wife. Sons (1932) and A House Divided (1935) followed; the trilogy was published as The House of Earth (1935). Among her later works are short stories, novels (including five under the pseudonym John Sedges), and an autobiography. She received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1938.

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▪ American author
née  Pearl Comfort Sydenstricker,  pseudonym  John Sedges 
born June 26, 1892, Hillsboro, W.Va., U.S.
died March 6, 1973, Danby, Vt.
 American author noted for her novels of life in China. She received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1938.

      Pearl Sydenstricker was raised in Chenchiang in eastern China by her Presbyterian missionary parents. Initially educated by her mother and a Chinese tutor, she was sent at 15 to a boarding school in Shanghai. Two years later she entered Randolph-Macon Woman's College in Lynchburg, Virginia, graduating in 1914 and remaining for a semester as an instructor in psychology.

      In May 1917 she married missionary John L. Buck; although later divorced and remarried, she retained the name Buck professionally. She returned to China and taught English literature in Chinese universities in 1925–30. During that time she briefly resumed studying in the United States at Cornell University, where she took her M.A. in 1926. She began contributing articles on Chinese life to American magazines in 1922.

      Buck's first published novel, East Wind, West Wind (1930), was written aboard a ship headed for America. The Good Earth (1931), a poignant tale of a Chinese peasant and his slave-wife and their struggle upward, was a best-seller. The book, which won a Pulitzer Prize (1932), established Buck as an interpreter of the East to the West and was adapted for stage and screen. The Good Earth, widely translated, was followed by Sons (1932) and A House Divided (1935); the trilogy was published as The House of Earth (1935). Buck was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1938. From 1935 Buck lived in the United States. After World War II, in a move to aid illegitimate children of U.S. servicemen in Asian countries, she instituted the Pearl S. Buck Foundation (in 1967 she turned over to the foundation most of her earnings—more than $7,000,000).

      Buck turned next to biography with lives of her father, Absalom Sydenstricker, Fighting Angel (1936), and her mother, Caroline, The Exile (1936). Her later novels include Dragon Seed (1942) and Imperial Woman (1956). She also published short stories, such as The First Wife and Other Stories . . . (1933), Far and Near (1947), and The Good Deed (1969); a nonfictional work, The Child Who Never Grew (1950), about her retarded daughter; and three works of autobiography, notably My Several Worlds (1954). She also wrote a number of children's books. Under the name John Sedges she published five novels unlike her others, including a best-seller, The Townsman (1945).

Additional Reading
Buck's life and writings are examined in Cornelia Spencer, The Exile's Daughter (1944), written by her sister; Theodore F. Harris, Pearl S. Buck, 2 vol. (1969–71), written in consultation with Buck; Paul A. Doyle, Pearl S. Buck, rev. ed. (1980); and Peter Conn, Pearl S. Buck: A Cultural Biography (1996).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Buck, Pearl — orig. Pearl Sydenstricker (26 jun. 1892, Hillsboro, W.Va., EE.UU.–6 mar. 1973, Danby, Vt.). Escritora estadounidense. Se crió en China con sus padres misioneros, y más tarde enseñó inglés en una universidad china. Su primer libro de resonancia… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Buck, Pearl S. — ► (1892 1973) Novelista estadounidense. Fue premio Pulitzer en 1932 y premio Nobel de Literatura en 1938. Algunas de sus obras son la trilogía formada por La buena tierra (1931), Hijos (1932) y Un hogar dividido (1934) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Buck,Pearl Sydenstricker — Buck (bŭk), Pearl Sydenstricker. 1892 1973. American writer whose life as a missionary in China lent a vivid immediacy to her novels, including The Good Earth (1931). She won the 1938 Nobel Prize for literature. * * * …   Universalium

  • Buck, Pearl Sydenstricker — (1892 1973)    Best selling author Pearl S. Buck was born in West Virginia, but her missionary parents moved to China in 1892. Buck returned to the United States in 1910 to attend Randolph Macon Women’s College in Virginia, where she graduated in …   Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era

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  • Pearl S. Buck — Pearl Buck Pour les articles homonymes, voir Buck. Pearl Sydenstricher Buck …   Wikipédia en Français

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