Biqā{ʽ} Valley, Al-

Biqā{ʽ} Valley, Al-
or Al-Bekaa ancient Coele-Syria

Broad valley of central Lebanon.

Located between the Lebanon and Anti-Lebanon mountain ranges, it is about 80 mi (130 km) long and 10 mi (15 km) wide. Traversed by the upper Orontes and Litani rivers, it is an agricultural area. The ruins of the ancient city of Baalbek are located there. The majority of the population is Shīʽite Muslim. The valley was the scene of some factional fighting during the Lebanese Civil War (1975–91), and during that time Israel intermittently fought there against forces of the Palestine Liberation Organization and the Syrian army. Since the 1980s the valley has been a stronghold of the Shīʽite militant organization, Hezbollah.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Beqaa Valley — Beqaa (Arabic: البقاع, valley ; also transliterated as Bekaa, Biqâ‘ or Becaa) is a fertile valley in east Lebanon. The Romans considered the Beqaa Valley to be a major agricultural source, and today it remains Lebanon’s most important farming… …   Wikipedia

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  • Orontes River — River, Middle East. Rising in the Biqā Valley of Lebanon and flowing north between the Lebanon and Anti Lebanon mountains, it passes the cities of Hims and Ḥamāh in Syria, where it has been dammed to form Ḥimṣ Lake. Northwest of Ḥamāh it enters… …   Universalium

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