Berruguete, Alonso

Berruguete, Alonso
born с 1488, Paredes de Nava, Castile
died 1561, Toledo, Castile

Spanish sculptor and painter.

His father, Pedro Berruguete, was a great Renaissance painter. Alonso worked in Florence and Rome с 1508–16. In 1516 he returned to Spain, and in 1518 he became court painter to Charles V. He succeeded primarily as a sculptor, however, and became known for his intensely emotional Mannerist sculptures of figures portrayed in spiritual torment or in transports of religious ecstasy. His best-known work is a set of wooden reliefs with highly expressive figures for choir stalls in Toledo Cathedral (1539–43). Berruguete's use of a rather rich and extravagant but delicate ornamentation in his church decorations is typical of Spain's Plateresque style. He is considered the greatest Spanish sculptor of the 16th century.

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▪ Spanish sculptor
born c. 1488, Paredes de Nava, Castile [now in Palencia, Spain]
died 1561, Toledo, Castile

      the most important Spanish sculptor of the Renaissance, known for his intensely emotional Mannerist sculptures of figures portrayed in spiritual torment or in transports of religious ecstasy.

      After studying under his father, the painter Pedro Berruguete, Alonso went to Italy (c. 1504/08). Most of his sojourn was spent in Florence and Rome, where he was influenced by the works of Michelangelo and such examples of Hellenistic sculpture in the Vatican collections as the “Laocoön.” Berruguete's painting of “Salome” (Uffizi Gallery, Florence) suggests that his Italian paintings were in the early Mannerist style of Jacopo Pontormo and Rosso Fiorentino.

      Berruguete returned to Spain in about 1517, and in 1518 he was made court painter to Charles V and settled at Valladolid. Because he did not follow the emperor to Germany in 1520, however, he received no royal commissions for paintings. Berruguete turned, therefore, to sculpture and architecture, and in the period 1518–21 executed sculpture for the tomb of Juan Selvagio in the church of Santa Engracia at Zaragossa, carved the relief of the “Resurrection” in the cathedral of Valencia (c. 1517), and submitted plans in 1521 for the Capilla Real (Royal Chapel) in Granada, which, not meeting with official approval, were never realized. Among his major sculpture commissions of the Valladolid period were the retables, or altarpieces, for the monastery of La Mejorada at Olmedo (1526), for San Benito at Valladolid (1527–32), for the Colegio de los Irlandeses at Salamanca (1529–32), and for the Church of Santiago at Valladolid (1537).

      In 1539 the great Spanish humanist and art patron Juan Pardo Cardinal Tavera asked Berruguete to Toledo to execute the choir stalls on the epistle side of the Toledo Cathedral (1539–43), as well as the alabaster “Transfiguration” at the west end of the choir (1543–48). These carvings are somewhat more moderate and classical in feeling than his earlier works. At the time of his death Berruguete was working on the tomb for Cardinal Tavera (1552–61) in the Hospital de San Juan Bautista at Toledo. Berruguete's use of a rather rich and extravagant but delicate ornamentation in his church decorations is typical of Spain's Plateresque style.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Alonso Berruguete —     Alonso Berruguete     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Alonso Berruguete     For his mastery of the arts of painting, sculpture, and architecture, sometimes called the Spanish Michelangelo, b. at Paredes de Nava, in Castile, about 1480; d. at Toledo …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Alonso Berruguete — Alonso González de Berruguete (Alonso Berruguete) (c. 1488 ndash; 1561) was a Spanish painter, sculptor and architect. He is considered to be the most important sculptor of the Spanish Renaissance, and is known for his emotive sculptures… …   Wikipedia

  • Alonso — alonso. □ V. trigo alonso. * * * Alonso, Amado Alonso, Dámaso Alonso, Fernando Alonso, Odón * * * (as used in expressions) Alonso, Alicia …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • alonso — alonso. □ V. trigo alonso. * * * ► masculino Especie de trigo que tiene la espiga gruesa. * * * (as used in expressions) Alonso, Alicia Berruguete, Alonso Cano, Alonso Alonso Chaney …   Enciclopedia Universal

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