April Theses

April Theses
Program developed by Vladimir Ilich Lenin during the Russian Revolution of 1917, calling for Soviet control of state power.

In the theses, published in April 1917, Lenin advocated seizing power from the Provisional Government, withdrawing from World War I, and distributing land among the peasantry. The theses contributed to the July Days uprising and the Bolshevik coup d'état in October.

* * *

▪ Russian history
Russian  Aprelskiye Tezisy,  

      in Russian history, program developed by Lenin (Lenin, Vladimir Ilich) during the Russian Revolution of 1917, calling for Soviet control of state power; the theses, published in April 1917, contributed to the July Days uprising and also to the Bolshevik coup d'etat in October 1917.

      During the February Revolution two disparate bodies had replaced the imperial government—the Provisional Government and the Petrograd Soviet of Workers' and Soldiers' Deputies. The Socialists who dominated the Soviet interpreted the February Revolution as a bourgeois revolution and considered it appropriate for the bourgeoisie to hold power. They therefore submitted to the rule of the Provisional Government, formed by liberals from the Duma. The Soviet agreed to cooperate with the government and to advise it in the interests of workers and soldiers.

      Lenin, however, viewed the two bodies as institutions representing social classes locked in the class struggle. He felt that, as one class gained dominance over the other, its governing body would crush the rival institution; thus the two could not indefinitely coexist. On the basis of this interpretation he developed his theses, in which he urged the Bolsheviks to withdraw their support from the Provisional Government and to call for immediate withdrawal from World War I and for the distribution of land among the peasantry. The Bolshevik Party was to organize workers, soldiers, and peasants and to strengthen the Soviets so that they could eventually seize power from the Provisional Government. The theses also called for the nationalization of banks and for Soviet control of the production and distribution of manufactured goods. Lenin first presented his theses to a gathering of Social Democrats and later (April 17 [April 4, old style], 1917) to a Bolshevik committee, both of which immediately rejected them. The Bolshevik newspaper Pravda published them but carefully noted that they were Lenin's personal ideas.

      Nevertheless, within a few weeks the party's seventh all-Russian conference (May 7–12 [April 24–29, old style]) adopted the theses as its program, along with the slogan “All Power to the Soviets.” Although some Bolsheviks still had reservations about the program, the concepts contained in the theses became very popular among the workers and soldiers of Petrograd, who, using Bolshevik slogans, unsuccessfully tried to force the Soviet to take power in July. It was not until October, however, that Lenin's party was able to begin implementation of its program and seize power from the Provisional Government in the name of the Soviets.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Поможем студентам написать доклад

Look at other dictionaries:

  • April Theses — The April Theses (Russian: ru. апрельские тезисы, transliteration: transl|ru|ALA|aprel skie tezisy ) were a series of directives by Bolshevik leader Vladimir Lenin issued upon his return to Petrograd (Saint Petersburg), Russia from his exile in… …   Wikipedia

  • July Theses — The July Theses ( ro. Tezele din iulie) is a name commonly given to a speech delivered by Romanian dictator Nicolae Ceauşescu on July 6 1971, before the Executive Committee of the Romanian Communist Party (PCR). Its full name was Propuneri de… …   Wikipedia

  • Vladimir Lenin — Lenin redirects here. For other uses, see Lenin (disambiguation). Vladimir Ilyich Lenin Владимир Ильич Ленин …   Wikipedia

  • History of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union — Communist Party of the Soviet Union History Organisation …   Wikipedia

  • Russian Constituent Assembly — All Russian Constituent Assembly Всероссийское Учредительное Собрание Double headed eagle, that remains de jure coat of arms of Russia until July 10, 1918. Actual …   Wikipedia

  • Trotskyism — is the theory of Marxism as advocated by Leon Trotsky. Trotsky considered himself an orthodox Marxist and Bolshevik Leninist, arguing for the establishment of a vanguard party. His politics differed sharply from those of Stalinism, most… …   Wikipedia

  • Marxism — Part of a series on Marxism …   Wikipedia

  • Lenin, Vladimir Ilich — ▪ prime minister of Union of Soviet Socialist Republics Introduction original name  Vladimir Ilich Ulyanov  born April 10 [April 22, New Style], 1870, Simbirsk, Russia died Jan. 21, 1924, Gorki [later Gorki Leninskiye], near Moscow  founder of… …   Universalium

  • February Revolution — This article is about 1917 revolution in Russia. For the 1848 revolution in France, see French Revolution of 1848. February Revolution Part of the Russian Revolution of 1917 …   Wikipedia

  • Permanent revolution — This article is about the theory. See Permanent Revolution (group) for the group of the same name and Permanent Revolution (album) for the Catch 22 album. Part of a series on …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”