Anacletus II

Anacletus II
orig. Pietro Pierleoni

born , Rome
died Jan. 25, 1138, Rome

Antipope (1130–38).

Named a cardinal at Rome in 1116, he was elected pope by a majority of cardinals in 1130, while a minority created a schism by choosing Innocent II. Anacletus forced the rival pope to flee to France, where Innocent was supported by a church council and, especially, by Bernard of Clairvaux. Innocent's supporters, including the Holy Roman and Byzantine emperors, invaded Italy in an unsuccessful effort to restore him. A second expedition in 1136 eroded support for Anacletus, who died before the issue was resolved by the submission of his successor to Innocent.

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Anacletus II — • The title which was taken by Cardinal Pietro Pierleone at the contested papal election of the year 1130 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Anacletus II     Anacletus II      …   Catholic encyclopedia

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  • ANACLETUS II, PETER PIERLEONE° — (c. 1090–1137), in the official church view an anti pope, outside the apostolic succession. His great grandfather Benedict (originally probably Baruch), adopted Christianity and married a Christian noblewoman of Roman lineage. The family eponym,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Anacletus, Pope Saint — • Third pope, a martyr, d. about 91. May be the same person as Pope St. Cletus Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Anacletus — /an euh klee teuhs/, n. fl. 1st century A.D., pope 76 88. Also called Cletus. * * * …   Universalium

  • Anacletus — /an euh klee teuhs/, n. fl. 1st century A.D., pope 76 88. Also called Cletus …   Useful english dictionary

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