Aliákmon River

Aliákmon River
River, northern Greece.

Rising in the Grammos Mountains and flowing southeast and northeast for 185 mi (297 km) into the upper Gulf of Salonika, it is the longest river in Greek Macedonia. Throughout history it has served as a natural line of defense against invaders from the north.

* * *

Modern Greek  Aliákmon Potamós,  

      river, the longest in Greek Macedonia. The river's total length is 185 miles (297 km). Rising in the Grámmos Mountains of the eastern Pindus Range on the Albanian frontier, the Aliákmon River flows southeast through gentle valleys and basins and is joined by a tributary, sometimes also called the Aliákmon, which rises near the Albanian border. After collecting the drainage of Lake Kastorías, its flow is confined to narrow gorges during much of its middle course along the base of the easternmost Pindus. Near Siátista it receives the Pramorítsa River and, farther south, the Venétikos. Swinging around the southern end of the Voúrinos Mountains, the Aliákmon is forced into a wide loop toward the northeast by the northeast–southwest-trending Kamvoúnia massif.

      Emerging from between the Vérmion and Piéria mountains, the Aliákmon traverses the Thessaloníki (Salonika) plain, through which it apparently was navigable by small ships in the Middle Ages; but today a hydroelectric dam south of Véroia is a barrier to river traffic. Near Véroia the Aliákmon is joined by a last tributary, the Moglenítsas, which drains the entire western Thessaloníki plain; together they debouch into the upper Gulf of Thérmai on the Aegean Sea. Formerly called by its Macedonian name, Vistrítsa (Bistrítsa), the Aliákmon, throughout history, has served as a natural line of defense against invaders from the north, most recently in 1941 during World War II, when a New Zealand brigade was able to hold it briefly against the German forces invading Greece.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • river — river1 riverless, adj. riverlike, adj. /riv euhr/, n. 1. a natural stream of water of fairly large size flowing in a definite course or channel or series of diverging and converging channels. 2. a similar stream of something other than water: a… …   Universalium

  • Aliákmon — A·li·ák·mon (äl yäkʹmôn, ä lē äkʹ ) A river, about 322 km (200 mi) long, of northern Greece. It is the longest river in the country. * * * …   Universalium

  • Macedonia — /mas i doh nee euh, dohn yeuh/, n. 1. Also, Macedon /mas i don /. an ancient kingdom in the Balkan Peninsula, in S Europe: now a region in N Greece, SW Bulgaria, and the Republic of Macedonia. 2. a republic in S Europe: formerly (1945 92) a… …   Universalium

  • List of rivers of Greece — Tributaries= *Aegean Sea **Thermaic Gulf ***Elpeus ***Aliákmon ***Axios **Evros **Nestos **Pineios (Thessaly) **Spercheios **Krausidonas **Strymonas **Titaresios ***Kifisos (Athens and Piraeus) ***Kifisos (Eleusis) *Tanos River *Ionian Sea… …   Wikipedia

  • Imathia Prefecture — Infobox Pref GR name = Imathia name local = Νομός Ημαθίας flag reg = Flag of Greek Macedonia.svg periph = Central Macedonia capital = Veria population = 144,835 population as of = 2005 pop rank = 24th pop dens = 85.1 popdens rank = 11th area =… …   Wikipedia

  • Véroia — ▪ Greece historically  Beroea        commercial centre of Greek Macedonia and capital of the nomós (department) of Imathía, Greece. It lies on a plateau at the western edge of the Thessaloníki (Salonika) plain, at the eastern foot of the Vérmion… …   Universalium

  • Battle of Vevi (1941) — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Vevi partof=World War II caption=Members of the Australian 2/1st Anti Tank Regiment resting, soon after their withdrawal from the Vevi area. date=11 April ndash;12 April 1941 place=Vevi, Greece… …   Wikipedia

  • Vourinos — Infobox mountain Name=Vourinos Βούρινος Elevation=1,866 m Location=Southwest West Macedonia, Greece Pronunciation=Vour•in•os Vourinos (Greek: Βούρινος) is a mountain range covering the eastern Grevena and southern Kozani prefectures in Greece.… …   Wikipedia

  • Olympic Airlines — For the successor to Olympic Airlines, see Olympic Air. Olympic Airlines Ολυμπιακές Αερογραμμές IATA OA …   Wikipedia

  • Organismós Sidirodrómon Elládos — Infobox Company company name = Organismos Sidirodromon Ellados (O.S.E.) company type = State owned group of companies company company slogan = Speeding to the Future (Με Ταχύτητα στο Μέλλον) foundation = 1877 (Hellenic Railways) / January 1, 1971 …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”