Afrikaans language

Afrikaans language
Germanic language of South Africa.

It was developed from 17th-century Dutch by descendants of European settlers, indigenous Khoisan-speaking peoples, and African and Asian slaves in the Dutch colony at the Cape of Good Hope. It differs from Dutch in its sound system, in some grammatical simplification, and in vocabulary. Afrikaans is spoken as a first language by close to six million South Africans and as a second or third language by several million more; there are also about 150,000 Afrikaans speakers in Namibia. Standard Afrikaans was formally separated from Dutch and made an official language in South Africa in 1925; it is one of 11 official South African languages.

* * *

also called  Cape Dutch  

      West Germanic language (West Germanic languages) of South Africa, developed from 17th-century Dutch (Dutch language), sometimes called Netherlandic, by the descendants of European (Dutch, German, and French) colonists, indigenous Khoisan peoples, and African and Asian slaves in the Dutch colony at the Cape of Good Hope. Afrikaans and English (English language) are the only Indo-European languages among the many official languages of South Africa. Although Afrikaans is very similar to Dutch, it is clearly a separate language, differing from Standard Dutch in its sound system and its loss of case and gender distinctions.

      Afrikaans was adopted for use in schools in 1914 and in the Dutch Reformed Church (Dutch Reformed Church in Africa) in 1919. A distinct Afrikaans literature has evolved during the 20th century, and the first complete translation of the Bible into Afrikaans was published in 1933.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Afrikaans Language Monument — Afrikaanse Taalmonument Obelisks of the Language Monument Location Paarl, Western Cape, South Africa Completion date …   Wikipedia

  • List of Afrikaans language poets — List of Afrikaans language poets. This is a list of poets who write, or wrote, in Afrikaans, all of whom are South African.B*Peter Blum *Boerneef *Breyten Breytenbach *P. W. BuysC*Jan F. E. Celliers *T. T. Cloete *Sheila CussonsD*Johann de Lange… …   Wikipedia

  • Afrikaans literature — is literature written in Afrikaans – especially since the standardization of the Afrikaans language from 14 August 1875 to the beginning of the twentieth century. ee also* *Hertzog Prize – award for Afrikaans literature *Sestigers – group of… …   Wikipedia

  • Afrikaans — Infobox Language name=Afrikaans familycolor=Indo European states=South Africa Namibia Botswana Lesotho Swaziland region=Southern Africa speakers=est. 6.45 million (home language) 6.75 million (second or third language) 12 to 16 million (basic… …   Wikipedia

  • Afrikaans Wikipedia — Infobox website name = Afrikaans Wikipedia caption = url = commercial = No location = Miami, Florida type = Internet encyclopedia project language = Afrikaans registration = Optional owner = Wikimedia Foundation author =… …   Wikipedia

  • Afrikaans — 1. noun /ˌɑːfrɪˈkɑːnz/ a) A Germanic language descending from Dutch; the primary language of the descendants of Dutch and other European settlers, as well as many mixed race (e.g. ) living in South Africa and in Namibia. Also, one of t …   Wiktionary

  • language — /lang gwij/, n. 1. a body of words and the systems for their use common to a people who are of the same community or nation, the same geographical area, or the same cultural tradition: the two languages of Belgium; a Bantu language; the French… …   Universalium

  • Afrikaans (Western Cape dialect) — language name=Afrikaans (Western Cape dialect) familycolor=Indo European states=South Africa region=Western Cape Province speakers= fam2=Germanic fam3=West Germanic fam4=Low Franconian fam5=Afrikaans… …   Wikipedia

  • Afrikaans — Gesprochen in Sudafrika  Südafrika Namibia   …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Afrikaans (Eastern Cape dialect) — Spoken in South Africa Language family Indo European Germanic West Germanic Low Franconian …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”