Volcano Islands

Volcano Islands
three islands in the W Pacific, belonging to Japan: under U.S. administration 1945-68. Cf. Iwo Jima.

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Group of three small volcanic islands, western Pacific Ocean, southern of Bonin Islands, Japan.

After they were visited by Japanese fishermen and sulfur miners in 1887, the three islands of Kita Iwo, Iwo Jima (the largest), and Minami Iwo were claimed by Japan in 1891. After World War II, Japan retained residual sovereignty over the islands, but the U.S. administered them from 1951 until their return to Japan in 1968.

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Japanese  Kazan-rettō,  

      archipelago, Tokyo (Tokyo-Yokohama Metropolitan Area) to (metropolis), far southern Japan. The islands lie in the western Pacific between the Bonin Islands (north) and the Mariana Islands (south). The three small volcanic islands are, in north–south sequence, Kita-Iō (San Alexander) Island, Iō Island (Iō-tō; conventionally, Iwo Jima), and Minami-Iō (San Augustino) Island. Unclaimed until the arrival of Japanese fishermen and sulfur miners in 1887, the islands were claimed formally by Japan in 1891.

       Iwo Jima is the largest island, with a large stretch of level land that was converted into a military airfield during World War II. It lies about 760 miles (1,220 km) south of Tokyo. The island was the scene of a bloody battle between Japanese and U.S. forces in 1945. Under the peace treaty with Japan, that nation retained residual sovereignty over the archipelago, but the United States administered the islands from 1951 to 1968, when they were returned to Japan. Its name was officially changed to Iō-tō in 2007.

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Volcano Islands — group of small Japanese islands, including Iwo Jima, in the W Pacific: 11 sq mi (28 sq km) …   English World dictionary

  • Volcano Islands —   [vɔl keɪnəʊ aɪləndz; englisch], japanische Inselgruppe, Vulkaninseln …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Volcano Islands — The Volcano Islands (kanji: 火山列島, Kazan Rettō ) is a group of three Japanese islands that belong to the Ogasawara Islands. The islands are all active volcanoes lying atop an island arc that stretches south to the Marianas.The Volcano Islands are …   Wikipedia

  • Volcano Islands — or Japanese Kazan Retto geographical name islands W Pacific S of Bonin Islands; belong to Japan; under United States control 1945 68 area 11 square miles (29 square kilometers) see Iwo Jima …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Volcano Islands — noun a group of Japanese Islands in the northwestern Pacific Ocean to the north of the Marianas • Instance Hypernyms: ↑archipelago • Part Holonyms: ↑Japan, ↑Nippon, ↑Nihon, ↑Pacific, ↑Pacific Ocean * * * three islands in the W Pacific, belonging… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Volcano Islands — Volca′no Is′lands n. pl. geg three islands in the W Pacific, including Iwo Jima, belonging to Japan: under U.S. administration 1945–68 …   From formal English to slang

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