Vercingetorix

Vercingetorix
/verr'sin jet"euh riks, -get"-/, n.
died 45? B.C., Gallic chieftain conquered by Caesar.

* * *

died 46 BC

Chieftain of the Gallic tribe of the Arverni.

Julius Caesar had almost subjugated Gaul (see Gallic Wars) when Vercingetorix, acclaimed king of his people, led the Gauls against him (52 BC), using guerrilla tactics and picking battle sites favourable to his own forces. After winning a major victory at Gergovia, his later attack on the Roman army failed; besieged at Alesia, he was forced to surrender. Taken to Rome in chains, he was displayed in Caesar's triumph and executed six years later.

* * *

▪ Gallic chieftain
died 46 BC

      chieftain of the Gallic tribe of the Arverni whose formidable rebellion against Roman rule was crushed by Julius Caesar (Caesar, Julius).

      Caesar had almost completed the subjugation of Gaul when Vercingetorix led a general uprising of the Gauls against him in 52 BC. Vercingetorix was named the king of the Arverni and general of the confederates. After an initial defeat at Noviodunum Biturigum, Vercingetorix used guerrilla warfare to harass Caesar's supply lines and cleverly offered to engage Caesar's forces on terrain unfavourable to the Romans. He successfully held the Arvernian hill-fort of Gergovia against an assault by Caesar. Vercingetorix followed up this victory by an attack on the Roman army, the failure of which compelled him to retreat with 80,000 troops to the prepared fortress of Alesia (in east-central France). Caesar, with a force of 60,000 men, laid siege to the fortress and was able to force its surrender after he had defeated the Gauls' reserve army in the field. Vercingetorix was taken to Rome in chains, exhibited in Caesar's triumph (52), and executed six years later.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Vercingetorix — Vercingétorix Vercingétorix Naissance vers 80 dans l actuelle Auvergne à Gergovie, selon Strabon Décès 46 Rome Origine Celte …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Vercingétorix — Statère d or de 52, issu du trésor de Pionsat, Puy de Dôme, au nom de Vercingétorix, mais figurant probablement le dieu Apollon …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Vercingetorix — (pronounced|werkiŋˈɡetoriks in Latin), born around 82 BC, died 46 BC, was chieftain of the Arverni, originating from the Arvernian city of Gergovia and known as the man who led the Gauls in their ultimately unsuccessful war against Roman rule… …   Wikipedia

  • VERCINGÉTORIX — (VERCINGÉTORIX 72 env. VERCINGÉTORIX 46) En langue celtique, le terme de Vercingétorix signifie à peu près: «le grand roi des héros» et n’est vraisemblablement pas un anthroponyme mais un titre. Né vers VERCINGÉTORIX 72, Vercingétorix, fils de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Vercingetórix — Vercingétorix (pronunciación latina : uerkinguétorix) (?, 72 adC Roma, 46 adC) era el jefe de la tribu gala de los auvernos (establecida en los territorios de la actual Auvergne (Francia)) cuando se produjo la invasión de las Galias por los… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Vercingétorix — (pronunciación latina : uerkinguétorix) (?, 72 adC Roma, 46 adC) era el jefe de la tribu gala de los auvernos (establecida en los territorios de la actual Auvergne (Francia)) cuando se produjo la invasión de las Galias por los romanos. La leyenda …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Vercingetorix —   [v ], Keltenfürst aus dem Stamm der Arverner, * um 82 v. Chr., ✝ Rom 46 v. Chr.; leitete 52 v. Chr. die letzte große Erhebung der Gallier gegen Caesar im Gallischen Krieg; nahm als Oberbefehlshaber der verbündeten gallischen Verbände den… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Vercingetǒrix — Vercingetǒrix, Sohn des Celtillus, Heerführer[456] der gallischen Arvener gegen I. Cäsar, wurde trotz seiner Tapferkeit endlich von den Römern besiegt u. getödtet, s. Auvergne u. Gallischer Krieg D) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Vercingetŏrix — Vercingetŏrix, der heldenmütige Arverner, der 52 v. Chr., die Unruhen in Rom benutzend, fast sämtliche gallische Völkerschaften zu dem letzten allgemeinern Versuch vereinigte, ihre Freiheit gegen Cäsar (s. d., S. 790) zu verteidigen. Nur unter… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Vercingetorix — Vercingetŏrix, tapfere Anführer der Arverner, bot Cäsar lange Zeit mit Erfolg Trotz, ward endlich 51 v. Chr. in Alesia eingeschlossen und zur Ergebung gezwungen, 46 zu Rom hingerichtet. – Vgl. Jullian (Par. 1901) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • VERCINGETORIX — Celtilli filius, Arvernus, summae potentiae adolescens, cuius Pater totius Galliae principatum obtinuerat. Defectionis et belli contra Caesarem auctor: Rex a suis appellatus. Caes. l. 7. Comm. c. 4. 5. s. Victus a Caesare, et in triumphum ductus… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”