/sawm"bot hay'/, n.
a city in W Hungary: founded A.D. 48. 76,000. German, Steinamanger.

* * *

      city of county status and seat of Vas megye (county), northwestern Hungary. Szombathely is situated on the Gyöngyös River, near the frontier with Austria, south-southeast of Vienna and west of Budapest. The city is the successor to the Roman settlement of Savaria (Sabaria), the capital of Pannonia, founded in AD 43 by Claudius I (Claudius) at the intersection of two Roman roads still extant (one of these roads was part of the Amber Route, which connected the Baltic region with Italy). There is in the city a mosaic Roman pavement from the 4th-century Basilica of St. Quirinus, and a Temple of Isis was uncovered in 1957. Following its 5th-century sack by the Huns, Szombathely declined for a long period. In the 18th century, Maria Theresa of Austria made the town the seat of a bishopric. The Episcopal Palace (Püspökvár) and the fine Baroque cathedral were built between 1781 and 1813. Extensive World War II damage to the cathedral was repaired in 1947. Szombathely Gallery houses a rich collection of 20th-century Hungarian art. The city developed as an important agricultural and food-processing centre (wines, fruit, honey) and railway junction. Industries include tanning, textiles, footwear, and the manufacture of electronics, vehicle parts, and agricultural machinery. Pop. (2001) 81,920.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Szombathely — Escudo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Szombathely — Szombathely …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Szombathely — Héraldique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • SZOMBATHELY — (Ger. Steinamanger), city in W. Hungary. The Jewish community there was first organized as a branch of the Rechnitz (Rohonc) community. Jews lived there as merchants from 1687, but only in 1840 were they permitted to settle permanently. In 1846 a …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Szombathely — (spr. Sombathälj), 1) Stadt, so v.w. Steinamanger; 2) (Magyar u. Nemet S.), zwei zusammenhängende Dörfer im Bezirk Zircz des ungarischen Comitats Weszprim; Castell; große Waldungen; 1800 Ew.; 3) Stadt, so v.w. St. Georgenberg 1) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Szombathely — (spr. ßómbat helj), s. Steinamanger …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Szombathely — (spr. ßómmbatelj), s. Steinamanger …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Szombathely —   [ sombɔthɛj], Stadt in Ungarn, Steinamanger.   …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Szombathely — Infobox Settlement image caption = Aerial view image shield = WĘG Szombathely COA.jpg subdivision type = Country subdivision name = HUN timezone=CET utc offset=+1 timezone DST=CEST utc offset DST=+2 pushpin pushpin label position = pushpin map… …   Wikipedia

  • Szombathely — Kamenec (Czech), Steinamanger (German), Szombathely (Hungarian, Slovene) …   Names of cities in different languages

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”