/sun"fish'/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) sunfish, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) sunfishes.
1. the ocean sunfish, Mola mola.
2. any of various other fishes of the family Molidae.
3. any of several small, brightly colored, spiny-rayed freshwater fishes of the genus Lepomis, of North America, having a deep, compressed body.
[1620-30; SUN + FISH]

* * *

Any of numerous species of brightly coloured North American carnivorous freshwater fishes placed with the crappies and black basses in the family Centrarchidae.

Usually less than 8 in. (20 cm) long, sunfishes are fine food and game fishes. The best-known are the black-banded sunfish (Enneacanthus chaetodon) of the eastern U.S. and the bluegill (Lepomis macrochirus), which has an orange belly and blue markings. The longear sunfish has orange spots and wavy, bright blue streaks. The pumpkinseed, or common sunfish, has an orange belly and a red spot on its ear. The rock bass has irregular dark markings.

Pumpkinseed sunfish (Lepomis gibbosus).

Jacques Six

* * *

      any of numerous species of North American freshwater fishes placed with the crappies and black basses in the family Centrarchidae (order Perciformes). The family contains about 30 species, all native to North America and all, with the exception of the Sacramento perch (Archoplites interruptus), native to waters east of the Rocky Mountains. Several species have been introduced in other countries. The members of this family are characterized by relatively deep bodies and a single, continuous dorsal fin consisting of an anterior spiny portion and a posterior soft-rayed portion; the two sections may, as in the black basses, be divided by a notch, but they are not separate as they are in the related perches.

 Typical of quiet ponds and lakes, the centrarchids are carnivorous fishes that feed on other fishes and aquatic invertebrates. They range in size from tiny sunfishes (Elassoma) that mature at a length of 2.5 cm (1 inch) to the largemouth black bass (see photograph—>), attaining a maximum of about 80 cm and 10 kg (22 pounds).

      The sunfishes, though small (usually less than 20 cm long), are considered fine food and game fishes. Some possess a distinctive flap, or “ear lobe,” at the upper hind edge of the gill cover. Sunfishes, deeper-bodied than the black basses, are also more brightly coloured, as their name implies. The males are especially colourful during the spring breeding season, when they, like other centrarchids, hollow out nests with their tails and, after inducing the female to lay, guard the eggs and sometimes the young.

      Better known species of sunfishes include the black-banded sunfish (Enneacanthus chaetodon) of the eastern United States; the bluegill (Lepomis macrochirus), a well-known food and sport fish coloured greenish, with an orange belly and blue on the lower edge of the head and gill covers; the longear sunfish (L. megalotis), marked with orange spots and wavy, bright-blue streaks; the pumpkinseed, or common, sunfish (L., or Eupomotis, gibbosus), a green or bluish fish with an orange belly and a red spot on its ear; and the rock bass (Ambloplites rupestris), a food and sport fish coloured greenish with irregular dark markings.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?
(Selachus maximus)

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sunfish — Équipage 1 personne Gréement Cat boat à voile latine Débuts 1951 Longueur hors tout 4,2 m hors tout Maître …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sunfish — or sun fish may refer to: *Sunfish (sailboat), an International Sunfish Class sailing dinghyIn saltwater fishes: *Ocean sunfish or Mola mola *Opah, family Lampridae; two speciesIn freshwater fishes: * Pygmy sunfish * Centrarchidae, a family of… …   Wikipedia

  • Sunfish — Sun fish , n. (Zo[ o]l.) (a) A very large oceanic plectognath fish ({Mola mola}, {Mola rotunda}, or {Orthagoriscus mola}) having a broad body and a truncated tail. (b) Any one of numerous species of perch like North American fresh water fishes of …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • sunfish — sunfish·er; sunfish; Sunfish; …   English syllables

  • sunfish — [sun′fish΄] n. pl. sunfish or sunfishes (see FISH) ☆ 1. any of a large family (Centrarchidae) of North American, percoid, freshwater fishes, including the bluegill and black bass 2. OCEAN SUNFISH …   English World dictionary

  • sunfish — 1629, from SUN (Cf. sun) (n.) + FISH (Cf. fish). Used of various species, with ref. to round shape or brilliant appearance. Short form sunny is attested from 1835 …   Etymology dictionary

  • sunfish — ► NOUN ▪ a large, short tailed sea fish with tall dorsal and anal fins near the rear of the body …   English terms dictionary

  • Sunfish — Especificaciones bajo las reglas actuales Número de tripulantes 1 Eslora 4200 mm 13 pies 9 pulgadas Manga 1200 mm 4 pies 1 pulgada Peso 59 kg Superficie vélica 7 m² 75 pies. sq …   Wikipedia Español

  • sunfish — UK [ˈsʌnˌfɪʃ] / US noun [countable/uncountable] Word forms sunfish : singular sunfish plural sunfish a fish with a large round body and a short tail …   English dictionary

  • sunfish — /ˈsʌnfɪʃ / (say sunfish) noun (plural sunfish or sunfishes) 1. a huge fish, the ocean sunfish, Mola mola, found in Australian waters and elsewhere, having a deep body abbreviated behind, seeming to consist of little more than the head. 2. any… …  

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”