Shalmaneser III

Shalmaneser III
/shal'meuh nee"zeuhr/
died 824? B.C., Assyrian ruler 859-824?.

* * *

▪ king of Assyria
flourished 9th century BC

      king of Assyria (reigned 858–824 BC) who pursued a vigorous policy of military expansion.

      Although he conducted campaigns on the southern and eastern frontiers, Shalmaneser's main military effort was devoted to the conquest of North Syria. His progress was slow. In 853 BC he fought a coalition formed by the kings of Hamath, Damascus, and Israel in a huge-scale, but indecisive, battle, and he did not penetrate the west until the coalition had broken up.

      In 841 BC he defeated Hazael and, after failing to capture Damascus itself, marched to the Mediterranean coast where he received tribute from Tyre, Sidon, and Samaria. The submission of the latter is shown on the “Black Obelisk” (from Nimrūd, now in the British Museum) where “Jehu, son of Omri” bows before Shalmaneser. By 832 Cilicia had been invaded, Tarsus captured, and the region made an Assyrian dependency. The remaining campaigns of Shalmaneser's reign were led by Shalmaneser's army commander against Sardur I and the Mannai. Before the king died in 824 BC, civil war broke out between a son, Ashur-danin-apal, and his heir, Shamshi-Adad V. Shalmaneser rebuilt a palace and ziggurat at Nimrūd. His wars were commemorated both on palace reliefs there and on the gates of the temple at Balawat.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Shalmaneser III — ( Šulmānu ašarēdu , the god Shulmanu is pre eminent ) was king of Assyria (859 BC 824 BC), and son of the previous ruler, Ashurnasirpal II [] .His long reign was a constant series of… …   Wikipedia

  • SHALMANESER III° — (Shulmānu asharid ( Shulmanu is leader ) III), ruler of Assyria 859–824 B.C.E. Shalmaneser inherited from his father, the cruel Ashurnasirpal II (883–859 B.C.E.), a well–equipped army and the desire to extend his rule over Syria and Phoenicia.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Shalmaneser III — (reigned ca. 858 824 b.c.)    The son of Ashurnasirpal II and one of the more aggressive of Assyria s kings during the empire s third and greatest period of expansion. Shalmaneser led military campaigns on all three of Assyria s traditional… …   Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary

  • SHALMANESER III — (reigned 858–824 B.C.)    Assyrian king, son and successor of Ashurnasirpal II. Having inherited the vast empire his father had built, he was hard pressed to maintain Assyrian hegemony in the face of widespread revolts. He relied on diplomacy… …   Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia

  • Shalmaneser III — /shal meuh nee zeuhr/ died 824? B.C., Assyrian ruler 859 824? …   Useful english dictionary

  • Shalmaneser — is the name of several Assyrian kings:*Shalmaneser I *Shalmaneser II *Shalmaneser III *Shalmaneser IV *Shalmaneser VA salmanazar is a 9 liter bottle of wine; see Wine bottle#Sizes.Shalmaneser is also the name of a powerful computer system in John …   Wikipedia

  • Shalmaneser V — (Akkadian: ak. Šulmanu ašarid ) was king of Assyria from 727 to 722 BC. He first appears as governor of Zimirra in Phoenicia in the reign of his father, Tiglath Pileser III.On the death of Tiglath Pileser, he succeeded to the throne of Assyria on …   Wikipedia

  • SHALMANESER V° — (727–722 B.C.E.), son of Tiglath Pileser III. He reigned in Babylonia under the name of Ubulai. None of his royal inscriptions, if indeed he composed any, have survived, with the result that knowledge of the period is indirect. From the 7th… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Shalmaneser IV — was king of Assyria (783 773 BC). He succeeded his father Adad nirari III, and was succeeded by his brother Ashur dan III. Very little information about his reign has survived.According to the eponym canon, he led several campaigns against Urartu …   Wikipedia

  • Shalmaneser V — King of Assyria 727 722 BC.     Shalmaneser V, the son of *Tiglath pileser III, continued his father s policy of ruthless expansion and annexation, thus forcing the vassal states of Syria/Palestine to seek help from Egypt. Hoshea rebelled openly… …   Ancient Egypt

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”