serenata

serenata
/ser'euh nah"teuh/, n., pl. serenatas, serenate /-tay/. Music.
1. a form of secular cantata, often of a dramatic or imaginative character.
2. an instrumental composition in several movements, intermediate between the suite and the symphony.
[1715-25; < It serenata evening song, equiv. to seren(o) SERENE + -ata n. suffix, associated with sera evening; cf. SOIREE]

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Italian“evening music” plural  serenatas  or  serenate 

      form of 18th-century vocal music combining many features of cantata, oratorio, and opera. Use of the term extends back at least to the 16th century. In its most general sense, it referred to music written and performed in someone's honour; at times the term was used for purely instrumental music as well. According to its most frequent usage, however, the serenata was semi-dramatic in nature; it was shorter and not as elaborately staged as opera, and it was usually performed by a small orchestra and several costumed singers. There was little scenery, and it was simple and unpretentious; the performance traditionally was presented as an evening entertainment in a palace reception room.

      The pieces were customarily written to commemorate some special occasion, such as the birthday of a royal person, and were very much in vogue at the courts of Europe (particularly the emperor's court at Vienna). Frequently, the texts were of an allegorical character, the subject being chosen from mythology or ancient history and treated in such a manner as to portray a very flattering and symbolic resemblance to the celebrant. Alessandro Stradella (Stradella, Alessandro) was one of the first composers of serenatas (Qual prodigio è ch'io miri, c. 1675); he was followed by Alessandro Scarlatti (Scarlatti, Domenico), George Frideric Handel (Handel, George Frideric), and most other composers of the late 17th and 18th centuries. One of the most enduring and well-known examples of this genre is Handel's pastoral serenata Acis and Galatea (c. 1718).

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  • serenata — (Del it. serenata). 1. f. Música en la calle o al aire libre y durante la noche, para festejar a alguien. 2. Composición poética o musical destinada a este objeto. 3. P. Rico. Plato frío hecho de viandas hervidas, bacalao, huevo cocido, cebolla,… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Serenāta — (ital.), soviel wie Serenade. S. hießen im 17.–18. Jahrh. auch die einer mythischen Huldigung entlehnten allegorischen Huldigungen zu fürstlichen Geburtstagen u. dgl …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • serenata — s.f. [der. di serenare passar la notte all aperto ]. 1. (mus.) [musica e canto che si eseguono di sera o di notte sotto le finestre di una donna per manifestarle i propri sentimenti]. 2. (estens., iron.) [sonata e canto rumorosi, per lo più fatti …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • serenata — s. f. 1. Concerto noturno. 2. Composição musical graciosa e delicada. 3. Ária amorosa que se canta debaixo das janelas de uma dama …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • serenata — [ser΄ə nät′ə] n. pl. serenatas or serenate [ser΄ə nät′ā] [It: see SERENADE] 1. a type of 18th cent. dramatic cantata for a special occasion, as a royal birthday 2. SERENADE …   English World dictionary

  • serenata — (Del ital. serenata.) ► sustantivo femenino 1 MÚSICA Música que se toca en la calle, por la noche, para festejar a una o varias personas. 2 MÚSICA, POESÍA Composición musical o poética destinada a ser cantada para festejar a una persona.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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