serenader, n.
/ser'euh nayd"/, n., v., serenaded, serenading.
1. a complimentary performance of vocal or instrumental music in the open air at night, as by a lover under the window of his lady.
2. a piece of music suitable for such performance.
3. serenata (def. 2).
v.t., v.i.
4. to entertain with or perform a serenade.
[1640-50; < F sérénade < It serenata; see SERENATA]

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      originally, a nocturnal song of courtship, and later, beginning in the late 18th century, a short suite of instrumental pieces, similar to the divertimento, cassation, and notturno. An example of the first type in art music is the serenade “Deh! vieni alla finestra” (“Oh, Come to the Window”), from Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's Don Giovanni. The instrumental serenade gradually lost its association with courtship and became (about 1770) primarily a collection of light pieces such as dances and marches suitable for open-air, evening performance.

      Mozart wrote several serenades for a variety of ensembles, as did subsequently Franz Schubert, Ludwig van Beethoven, Johannes Brahms, Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, and Max Reger. In the 20th century Igor Stravinsky (Stravinsky, Igor) seized upon the traditional lightness of the genre when he called one of his neoclassical keyboard compositions Serenade (1925). Benjamin Britten's Serenade, Opus 31 (1943), is a song cycle about evening.

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  • sérénade — [ serenad ] n. f. • 1556; it. serenata, d ab. « belle nuit », du lat. serenus → 1. serein 1 ♦ Concert, chant exécuté la nuit sous les fenêtres de qqn qu on voulait honorer ou divertir (et spécialt une femme aimée). L aubade et la sérénade. ♢… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Serenade — Sf (Konzertveranstaltung mit) Komposition(en) aus etwa fünf Sätzen für kleines Orchester per. Wortschatz fach. (17. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus frz. sérénade, dieses aus it. serenata, einer Ableitung von it. sereno heiter , aus l. serēnus. Zum… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • serenade — Serenade. s. f. Musique de voix, d instruments, que l on donne aux Dames le soir, la nuit, dans la ruë sous des fenestres. Il donna une serenade avec les vingt quatre violons, la serenade fut troublée, la serenade reüssit bien …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • serenade — 1640s, musical performance at night in open air (esp. one given by a lover under the window of his lady), from Fr. sérénade, from It. serenata an evening song, lit. calm sky, from sereno the open air, noun use of sereno clear, calm, from L.… …   Etymology dictionary

  • serenade — [ser΄ə nād′] n. [Fr sérénade < It serenata < sereno, serene, open air < L serenus, clear, SERENE; meaning infl. by assoc. with L sera, evening < serus, late] 1. a singing or playing of music outdoors at night, esp. by a lover under… …   English World dictionary

  • Serenade — Ser e*nade , v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Serenaded}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Serenading}.] To entertain with a serenade. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Serenade — Ser e*nade , v. i. To perform a serenade. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Serenade — нем. [сэрэна/дэ], англ. [сэринэ/йд] sérénade фр. [сэрэна/д] serenata ит. [сэрэна/та] серенада …   Словарь иностранных музыкальных терминов

  • sérénade — Serenade нем. [сэрэна/дэ], англ. [сэринэ/йд] sérénade фр. [сэрэна/д] serenata ит. [сэрэна/та] серенада …   Словарь иностранных музыкальных терминов

  • Serenade — »Abendmusik; Ständchen«: Der musikalische Fachausdruck wurde im 17. Jh. über entsprechend frz. sérénade aus gleichbed. it. serenata entlehnt. Das it. Wort, das zu it. sereno »heiter« (lat. serenus), serenare »aufheitern« gehört, bedeutet… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • serenade — ► NOUN ▪ a piece of music sung or played in the open air at night, especially by a man under the window of his beloved. ► VERB ▪ entertain with a serenade. DERIVATIVES serenader noun. ORIGIN Italian serenata, from sereno serene …   English terms dictionary

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