—recallable, adj.v. /ri kawl"/; n. /ri kawl", ree"kawl/ for 7-9, 12, 13; /ree"kawl/ for 10, 11, v.t.1. to bring back from memory; recollect; remember: Can you recall what she said?2. to call back; summon to return: The army recalled many veterans.3. to bring (one's thoughts, attention, etc.) back to matters previously considered: He recalled his mind from pleasant daydreams to the dull task at hand.4. Internat. Law. to summon back and withdraw the office from (a diplomat).5. to revoke or withdraw: to recall a promise.6. to revive.n.7. an act of recalling.8. recollection; remembrance.9. the act or possibility of revoking something.10. the removal or the right of removal of a public official from office by a vote of the people taken upon petition of a specified number of the qualified electors.11. Also called callback. a summons by a manufacturer or other agency for the return of goods or a product already shipped to market or sold to consumers but discovered to be defective, contaminated, unsafe, or the like.12. a signal made by a vessel to recall one of its boats.13. a signal displayed to direct a racing yacht to sail across the starting line again.[1575-85; RE- + CALL]Syn. 1. See remember. 5. rescind, retract, recant, repeal; annul. 7. memory. 9. revocation, retraction, repeal, withdrawal, recantation; nullification.Ant. 1. forget.
* * *▪ memoryin psychology, the act of retrieving information or events from the past while lacking a specific cue to help in retrieving the information. A person employs recall, for example, when reminiscing about a vacation or reciting a poem after hearing its title. Most students would rather take a multiple-choice test, which utilizes recognition memory, than an essay test, which employs recall memory. Retrieval of information is much more likely if individuals are tested in the same physical context in which the event they are trying to recall occurred. If, for example, the physical context at the time of learning differs markedly from the physical setting at the time of an exam, retrieval will be more difficult. Tests of recall have long been a primary method used by experimental psychologists in the study of human memory processes.
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