propyl alcohol

propyl alcohol
a colorless, water-soluble liquid, C3H8O, used chiefly in organic synthesis and as a solvent.
[1865-70]

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also called  n-propyl alcohol  or  1-propanol 

      one of two isomeric alcohols (alcohol) used as solvents and intermediates in chemical manufacturing. The second isomer is isopropyl alcohol (2-propanol).

      Normal (n-) propyl alcohol is formed as a by-product of the synthesis of methanol (methyl alcohol) from carbon monoxide and hydrogen. It also occurs in fusel oil. Its largest use is as a solvent in cosmetics (cosmetic) and pharmaceuticals (pharmaceutical industry) and in the preparation of lacquers. It easily forms esters (ester) and ethers (ether), some of which are commercially important.

      Propyl alcohol is a colourless, flammable, fragrant liquid that is miscible with water in all proportions and is moderately toxic.

Leroy G. Wade, Jr.
 

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • propyl alcohol — n either of two isomeric liquid alcohols C3H7OH: a) the normal alcohol CH3CH2CH2OH that is used chiefly as a solvent and in organic synthesis b) ISOPROPYL ALCOHOL …   Medical dictionary

  • propyl alcohol — n. a colorless liquid, CH3CH2CH2OH, soluble in water, alcohol, or ether and used in organic synthesis and as a solvent, antiseptic, etc …   English World dictionary

  • propyl alcohol — noun a clear colorless volatile liquid (alcohol) used as a solvent and antiseptic • Syn: ↑propanol • Hypernyms: ↑alcohol * * * noun : either of two isomeric liquid alcohols C3H7OH: a …   Useful english dictionary

  • propyl alcohol — propilo alkoholis statusas T sritis chemija formulė H(CH₂)₃OH atitikmenys: angl. propyl alcohol rus. пропиловый спирт ryšiai: sinonimas – 1 propanolis …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • propyl alcohol — pro′pyl al′cohol n. chem. a colorless, water soluble liquid, C3H8O, used chiefly in organic synthesis and as a solvent • Etymology: 1865–70 …   From formal English to slang

  • propyl alcohol — /proʊpəl ˈælkəhɒl/ (say prohpuhl alkuhhol) noun one of two isomeric alcohols, C3H7OH. Also, propanol …   Australian-English dictionary

  • secondary propyl alcohol — Chem. See isopropyl alcohol. * * * …   Universalium

  • n-propyl alcohol — a clear colorless liquid with an alcohol like odor, miscible with water and most organic solvents; used as a solvent for resins …   Medical dictionary

  • secondary propyl alcohol — Chem. See isopropyl alcohol …   Useful english dictionary

  • alcohol — ► NOUN 1) a colourless volatile liquid compound which is the intoxicating ingredient in drinks such as wine, beer, and spirits. 2) drink containing this. 3) Chemistry any organic compound containing a hydroxyl group OH: propyl alcohol. ORIGIN… …   English terms dictionary

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