propylaeum

propylaeum
/prop'euh lee"euhm/, n., pl. propylaea /-lee"euh/.
Often, propylaea. a vestibule or entrance to a temple area or other enclosure, esp. when elaborate or of architectural importance.
Also, propylon.
[1700-10; < L < Gk propýlaion gateway, n. use of neut. of propýlaios before the gate, equiv. to pro- PRO-2 + pýl(e) gate + -aios adj. suffix]

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In ancient Greek architecture, a structure forming an entrance or gateway to a sacred enclosure, usually consisting, at the least, of a porch supported by columns both outside and within the actual gate.

The term is often used in the plural (propylaea). The most famous example is the great Propylaea designed by Mnesicles for the Athenian Acropolis. The name propylaea was also applied to various 18th–19th-century Neoclassical and Romantic monumental gateways.

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      in ancient Greek architecture, porch or gatehouse at the entrance of a sacred enclosure, usually consisting of at least a porch supported by columns both without and within the actual gate. The most famous propylaeum is the one designed by Mnesicles as the great entrance hall of the Athenian Acropolis (begun in 437 BC).

      The name propylaea is also applied to various monumental gateways, Neoclassical and Romantic in style, built in the late 18th and 19th centuries. They include the Propyläen of Munich (1862) and Berlin's Brandenburg Gate (1784).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Propylaeum — Logo Die Virtuelle Fachbibliothek Altertumswissenschaften („Propylaeum“) ist ein seit dem Jahr 2006 von der Deutschen Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) gefördertes Gemeinschaftsprojekt der Bayerischen Staatsbibliothek München, der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Propylaeum — Prop y*l[ae] um, n.; pl. {Propyl[ae]a}. [L., fr. Gr. ?; ? before + ? a gate.] (Anc. Classical Arch.) Any court or vestibule before a building or leading into any inclosure. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • propylaeum — [präp΄ə lē′əm] n. pl. propylaea [präp΄əlē′ə] [L < Gr propylaion, orig. neut. of propylaios, before the gate < pro , before + pylē, gate] Class. Archit. an entrance, vestibule, or portico before a building or group of buildings …   English World dictionary

  • propylaeum — n. (pl. propylaea) 1 the entrance to a temple. 2 (the Propylaeum) the entrance to the Acropolis at Athens. Etymology: L f. Gk propulaion (as PRO (2), pule gate) …   Useful english dictionary

  • propylaeum — noun (plural propylaea) Etymology: Latin, from Greek propylaion, from pro before + pylē gate more at pro Date: circa 1706 a vestibule or entrance of architectural importance before a building or enclosure often used in plural …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • propylaeum —    In ancient Greek and Roman architecture, a gateway building leading to an open court preceding a temple. The plural form is propylaea. (pr. prah pi lay ?m) …   Glossary of Art Terms

  • propylaeum — [ˌprɒpɪ li:əm] noun (plural propylaea li:ə) Architecture the entrance to a temple. Origin via L. from Gk propulaion, neut. (used asnoun) of propulaios before the gate , from pro before + pulē gate …   English new terms dictionary

  • propylaeum — n. Entrance court, vestibule, porch …   New dictionary of synonyms

  • propylaeum — prop·y·lae·um …   English syllables

  • propylaeum — prop•y•lae•um [[t]ˌprɒp əˈli əm[/t]] n. pl. lae•a [[t] ˈli ə[/t]] archit. Often, propylaea. a vestibule or entrance to a temple area or other enclosure, esp. when elaborate or of architectural importance • Etymology: 1700–10; < L < Gk… …   From formal English to slang

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