Priam

Priam
/pruy"euhm/, n. Class. Myth.
1. a king of Troy, the son of Laomedon, husband of Hecuba, and father of Paris, Cassandra, Hector, Polyxena, and many others. He was killed during the capture of Troy.
2. the grandson of King Priam.
Also, Priamus /pruy"euh meuhs/.

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In Greek mythology, the last king of Troy.

He succeeded his father Laomedon as king and gradually expanded Troy's control over the Hellespont. By his wife, Hecuba, he had many children, including Hector and Paris. He reigned during the Trojan War; in its final year he lost 13 sons, three of whom were killed by Achilles in a single day. Hector's death broke his spirit, and he went humbly to Achilles to ask for the corpse. When Troy fell, Achilles' son Neoptolemus killed the elderly Priam on an altar.

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      in Greek mythology, the last king of Troy. He succeeded his father, Laomedon, as king and extended Trojan control over the Hellespont. He married first Arisbe (a daughter of Merops the seer) and then Hecuba, and he had other wives and concubines. He had 50 sons, according to Homer's Iliad, and many daughters. Hecuba bore 19 of the sons, including Priam's favourites, Hector and Paris.

      Homer described Priam at the time of the Trojan War as an old man, powerless but kindly, not even blaming Helen, the wife of Paris, for all his personal losses resulting from the war. In the final year of the conflict, Priam saw 13 sons die: the Greek warrior Achilles killed Polydorus, Lycaon, and Hector within one day. The death of Hector, which signified the end of Troy's hopes, also broke the spirit of the king. Priam's paternal love impelled him to brave the savage anger of Achilles and to ransom the corpse of Hector; Achilles, respecting the old man's feelings and foreseeing his own father's sorrows, returned the corpse. When Troy fell, Neoptolemus, the son of Achilles, butchered the old king on an altar. Both Priam's death and his ransoming of Hector were favourite themes of ancient art.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Priam — [prī′əm] n. [L Priamus < Gr Priamos] Gr. Legend the last king of Troy, who reigned during the Trojan War: he was the father of Hector and Paris …   English World dictionary

  • Priam — In Greek mythology, Priam (Greek Πρίαμος Priamos ) was the king of Troy during the Trojan War and youngest son of Laomedon. Modern scholars derive his name from the Luwian compound Priimuua , which means exceptionally courageous . [Starke, Frank …   Wikipedia

  • Priam — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Priam (homonymie). Priam tué par Néoptolème, fils d Achille, amphore attique à figures noires de la classe de Ca …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Priam — Neoptolemos tötet Priamos attische Amphore mit schwarzfigürlichen Darstellungen, um 520/510 v. Chr., Louvre Priamos (griechisch Πρίαμος …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Priam — noun Etymology: Latin Priamus, from Greek Priamos Date: 14th century the father of Hector, Paris, and Cassandra and king of Troy during the Trojan War …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Priam — noun The king of Troy during the Iliad …   Wiktionary

  • priam — (pri am ) s. m. 1°   Roi de Troie, qui, ayant vu périr ses enfants et sa ville, et ayant péri lui même dans cette dernière ruine, est pris souvent comme un type d extrême malheur. 2°   Très beau papillon à ailes dentelées …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • PRIAM —    the old king of Troy during the Trojan War; was the son of Laomedon, who with the help of Apollo and Poseidon built the city; had a large family by his wife Hecuba, Hector, Paris, and Cassandra, the most noted of them; was too old to take part …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Priam — Pri|am in ancient Greek stories, the king of ↑Troy and the father of ↑Hector and ↑Paris. →↑Iliad, the →↑Trojan War, the …   Dictionary of contemporary English

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