/nejd, nayd/, n.
one of the two major regions of Saudi Arabia in the E central part: formerly a sultanate of Arabia. ab. 400,000 sq. mi. (1,000,000 sq. km). Also, Najd.

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or Najd

Region of central Saudi Arabia.

Comprising a rocky plateau sloping eastward from the mountains of the Hejaz, it is sparsely settled, except for a few fertile oases. In the mid-18th century it became the centre of the Wahhābiyyah, a puritanical Islamic movement that by 1803 had expanded into Mecca. Nejd was captured by Ibn Saūd с 1905. It was united with the Hejaz and became the independent kingdom of Saudi Arabia in 1932.

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Universalium. 2010.

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