/nahn"jing"/, n. Pinyin.a port in and the capital of Jiangsu province, in E China, on the Chang Jiang: a former capital of China. 1,750,000.
* * *Ior Nan-ching conventional NankingLocated on the southern bank of the Yangtze River (Chang Jiang) northwest of Shanghai, the site has been inhabited for thousands of years. The present city was founded in 1368 by the Ming dynasty, which had its capital there (1368–1421). It was taken by the British in the Opium Wars of 1842 and was largely destroyed during the Taiping Rebellion in 1853–64. Nanjing was opened as a treaty port in 1899 and was the Nationalist capital from 1928 to 1937; it was then taken by the Japanese. It was the site of the Nanjing Massacre in the Sino-Japanese War of 1937–45. It was occupied by communist forces in 1949 and became the provincial capital in 1952. It is a port city and a major industrial and communications centre with a university and several colleges. Nearby monuments include mausoleums of Sun Yat-sen and a Ming emperor.II(as used in expressions)Rape of NanjingNanjing Treaty of
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