lictorian /lik tawr"ee euhn, -tohr"-/, adj.
/lik"teuhr/, n.
(in ancient Rome) one of a body of attendants on chief magistrates, who preceded them carrying the fasces and whose duties included executing the sentences of criminals.
[1580-90; < L; cf. ME littoures]

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▪ ancient Roman official
plural  lictors  or  lictores 

      member of an ancient Roman class of magisterial attendants, probably Etruscan in origin and dating in Rome from the regal period. Lictors carried the fasces for their magistrate and were constantly in his attendance in public; they cleared his way in crowds and summoned and punished offenders for him. They also served as their magistrate's house guard. In Rome the lictors wore togas; during a consul's triumph or while outside Rome they wore scarlet coats.

      Emperors originally had 12 lictors, but after Domitian (reigned AD 81–96) they had 24; dictators, 24; consuls, 12; praetors, 6; legates, 5; and priests, 1.

      Lictors were mostly freedmen, exempt from military duties. They held annual, regularly renewed appointments at fixed salaries. The Comitia Curiata (a popular assembly) was summoned by the lictors until the late republic, when the Comitia met less frequently and the 30 divisions of the people, or curiae, delegated 30 lictors as their representatives.

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  • lictor — LÍCTOR, lictori, s.m. (în Roma antică) Persoană care însoţea, în anumite ocazii, pe înalţii demnitari, mergând înaintea lor şi purtând fasciile. – Din lat. lictor, oris. Trimis de LauraGellner, 23.05.2004. Sursa: DEX 98  lictór s. m., pl.… …   Dicționar Român

  • Lictor — (del lat. «lictor, ōris») m. Funcionario *romano que precedía a los magistrados llevando un haz de varas con una hacha en el centro. ⇒ Fasces, faz, segur. * * * lictor. (Del lat. lictor, ōris). m. Entre los romanos, ministro de justicia que… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • LICTOR — dictus a ligando, iuxta illud, Lictor collig at manus: vel a ligand is fascibus, ut vult Festus; vel a limo s. licio, licio enim transverso, quod limum appellabatur, qui magistratib. praeministrabant, cincti erant. Sed primum placet A. Gellio… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Lictor — (plural lictores). Los lictores eran funcionarios públicos que durante el periodo republicano de la Roma clásica se encargaban de escoltar a los magistrados curules, marchando delante de ellos, e incluso de garantizar el orden público y custodia… …   Wikipedia Español

  • lictor — late 14c., from L. lictor, lit. binder, from pp. stem of *ligere to bind, collect, collateral form of ligare (see LIGAMENT (Cf. ligament)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • lictor — (Del lat. lictor, ōris). m. Entre los romanos, ministro de justicia que precedía con las fasces a los cónsules y a otros magistrados …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • lictor — [lik′tər] n. [ME (Wycliffe) littour < L lictor < base of ligare (see LIGAMENT), in allusion to the fasces] in ancient Rome, any of a group of minor officials who carried the fasces and cleared the way for the chief magistrates …   English World dictionary

  • Lictor — Lic tor (l[i^]k t[o^]r), n. [L.] (Rom. Antiq.) An officer who bore an ax and fasces or rods, as ensigns of his office. His duty was to attend the chief magistrates when they appeared in public, to clear the way, and cause due respect to be paid… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • lictor — |ô| s. m. Cada um dos doze portadores de varas que acompanhavam os cônsules (na antiga Roma) …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • Lictor — The lictor, derived from the Latin ligare (to bind), was a member of a special class of Roman civil servant, with special tasks of attending and guarding magistrates of the Roman Republic and Empire who held imperium ; essentially, a bodyguard.… …   Wikipedia

  • Lictor — Liktor mit Fasces Liktoren (lat. lictores zu ligare, binden ) waren ursprünglich im Römischen Reich jene Diener, die den König als Leibwache schützen sollten, später Amtsdiener, die den höheren Staatsbeamten mit imperium (Konsuln, Prätoren,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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