Kirkcudbright

Kirkcudbright
/keuhr kooh"bree/, n.
a historic county in SW Scotland. Also called Kirkcudbrightshire /keuhr kooh"bree shear', -sheuhr/.

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      town and royal burgh (1455), Dumfries and Galloway council area, historic county of Kirkcudbrightshire, southwestern Scotland, 25 miles (40 km) southwest of Dumfries in the Galloway region. It guards the lowest crossing of the River Dee 6 miles (10 km) from the Irish Sea and is a market town, a dairying centre, and a favourite resort of artists. It is the historic county town (seat) of Kirkcudbrightshire. The old form of the name was Kilcudbrit, from the Gaelic Cil Cudbert, “The Chapel of Cuthbert,” the saint's body having lain there for a short time during the seven years between its exhumation at Lindisfarne and the reinterment at Chester-le-Street. The estuary of the Dee is divided near its head by the peninsula known as St. Mary's Isle. The harbour is good, but its usefulness is impaired by its distance from the sea. The market cross (1610) stands in front of the old courthouse, or tolbooth, in which John Paul Jones, the American naval hero, was once imprisoned for murder. The Hornel Museum contains an excellent collection of Galloway literature and many manuscripts and works of art. The ruins of the third and last castle built here—called Kirkcudbright Castle or Maclellan's House, founded in 1582—stand at the end of the old High Street and dominate the harbour. Dundrennan Abbey, 4.5 miles (7 km) southeast, was the greatest achievement of Fergus, lord of Galloway, a celebrated church builder of the 12th century. It was a Cistercian house colonized from Rievaulx Abbey and was built in 1142. There now remain only the transept and choir, a unique example of the Early Pointed style. Pop. (2001) 3,447.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Kirkcudbright — Koordinaten 54° 50′ N, 4° 3′ W …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kirkcudbright — Kirkcudbright …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kirkcudbright — Kirkcudbright, so v.w. Kirkudbright …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Kirkcudbright — (spr. körkūbrĭ), Hauptstadt (royal burgh) der nach ihr genannten Grafschaft (s. unten), an der Mündung des Dee in eine schöne Bai, hat Schloßruinen, ein altes und ein neues Grafschaftshaus, ein Gymnasium (Academy), Ausfuhr von Vieh und Kartoffeln …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Kirkcudbright — (spr. körkköddbreit) oder East Galloway, Grafschaft in Südschottland, 2325 qkm, (1901) 39.407 E. – Die Hauptstadt K., an der Mündung des Dee, 2386 E., Hafen; Ausfuhr von Vieh und Kartoffeln …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Kirkcudbright — (Kerkubrit) od. East Gallovay, Grafschaft im südl. Schottland. 40 QM. groß mit 43000 E., gebirgig, hauptsächlich auf die Viehzucht angewiesen. Die Hauptstadt K. an der Mündung des Dee hat 3500 E., Hafen, Akademie …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Kirkcudbright — [kər ko͞o′brēshir΄, kər ko͞o′brēshərkər ko͞o′brē] former county of SW Scotland: also Kirkcudbrightshire [kər ko͞o′brēshir΄, kər ko͞o′brēshər] …   English World dictionary

  • Kirkcudbright —    1) KIRKCUDBRIGHT, a royal burgh and a parish, in the stewartry of Kirkcudbright, of which it is the capital, 28 miles (S. W. by W.) from Dumfries, and 100 (S. W.) from Edinburgh; containing 3526 inhabitants, of whom 2692 are in the burgh. This …   A Topographical dictionary of Scotland

  • Kirkcudbright — infobox UK place country = Scotland official name= Kirkcudbright gaelic name= Cille Chuithbeirt population= 3447 (as of 2001) os grid reference= NX685505 latitude=54.832 longitude= 4.048 unitary scotland= Dumfries and Galloway lieutenancy… …   Wikipedia

  • Kirkcudbright — Original name in latin Kirkcudbright Name in other language Kircudbright, Kirkcudbright State code GB Continent/City Europe/London longitude 54.8383 latitude 4.04908 altitude 4 Population 3367 Date 2011 03 03 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Kirkcudbright — or Kirkcudbrightshire geographical name former county S Scotland capital Kirkcudbright …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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