Kirkcaldy

Kirkcaldy
/keuhr kawl"dee, -kaw"dee, -kah"-/, n.
a city in SE Fife, in E Scotland, on the Firth of Forth. 142,713.

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 town and seaport, Fife council area and historic county, eastern Scotland, on the north shore of the Firth of Forth.

      First developed by Dunfermline Abbey nearby, Kirkcaldy was a flourishing port during the later Middle Ages. It was designated a royal burgh in 1450, and the royal charter was confirmed by King Charles II in 1662. In the course of the 16th century it became an important commercial centre and seaport, and the local salt trade was then the largest in Scotland. Flemish influence appears in a group of 15th-century houses overlooking the harbour; they now belong to the National Trust for Scotland. After a decline in the 18th century, Kirkcaldy's fortunes revived with the establishment of its linen industry in the early 19th century and reached another peak after the development of its famous linoleum industry. Large areas of 19th-century factories and warehouses left by its decline were cleared and redeveloped for housing. Kirkcaldy's other industries include malting, linen weaving, furniture manufacturing, and light electrical engineering. Its beach attracts summer visitors.

      Kirkcaldy is called the “lang toun” because, after it absorbed Linktown and Abbotshall on the west and Pathhead, Sinclairtown, and Gallatown on the east, its main street reached a length of nearly 4 miles (6.5 km). The town's area was extended in 1930 by the absorption of the former royal burgh of Dysart and again in 1939 and 1950 by the addition of more land. The parish church was mainly rebuilt in 1809 but has a Norman tower. The high school (1894) succeeded the burgh school (1582), where the religious teacher Edward Irving taught from 1812 to 1818 and the writer Thomas Carlyle taught from 1816 to 1818. Kirkcaldy was the birthplace (1723) of the political economist Adam Smith (Smith, Adam). Pop. (2004 est.) 47,090.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Kirkcaldy — Koordinaten 56° 7′ N, 3° 10′ W …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kirkcaldy —    KIRKCALDY, a royal burgh, a sea port, and parish, in the district of Kirkcaldy, county of Fife, 14 miles (E. by N.) from Dunfermline, and 10 (N. by E.) from Edinburgh; containing 5275 inhabitants, of whom 4785 are in the burgh. This place… …   A Topographical dictionary of Scotland

  • Kirkcaldy — (spr. körkaodĭ, d. h. Kirk [Kirche] der Culdeers, s. Kuldeer), Hafenstadt (royal burgh) in der schott. Grafschaft Fife, am Firth of Forth, bildet mit Dysart (s. d.) eine Stadt und hat eine Freikirche (St. Brycedale) im altenglischen Stil (seit… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Kirkcaldy — (spr. körkahldĕ), Hafenstadt in der schott. Grafsch. Fife, (1901) 22.347 E., Seebäder, Salzwerke …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Kirkcaldy —   [kəː kɔːdi], Stadt im Verwaltungsdistrikt Fife, Ostschottland, an der Nordküste des Firth of Forth, 47 200 Einwohner; sozialhistorisches Museum; Linoleum , ferner Leinen , Möbel und elektrotechnische Industrie; Hafen.   …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Kirkcaldy — [kər kô′dē, kərkôl′dē] seaport in E Scotland, on the Firth of Forth: district pop. 147,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Kirkcaldy — Lang Toun and Lang Toon redirect here. The term is also applied to Auchterarder in Perth and Kinross, and Darvel in East Ayrshire. Kirkaldy redirects here. For people with that surname, see Kirkaldy (surname). For other uses, see Kirkcaldy… …   Wikipedia

  • Kirkcaldy — Información básica País …   Wikipedia Español

  • Kirkcaldy YM F.C. — Football club infobox clubname = Kirkcaldy Young Men F.C. fullname = Kirkcaldy Young Men Football Club nickname = founded = unknown ground = Denfield Park capacity = unknown chairman = manager = league = SJFA East Region Central Division season …   Wikipedia

  • Kirkcaldy — Original name in latin Kirkcaldy Name in other language Cair Chaladain, Cathair Challdainn, Kerkoldi, Kerkoldis, Kirkcaldy, Kirkcaudy, Kurkoldi, Керколди, Керколді, Кърколди State code GB Continent/City Europe/London longitude 56.10982 latitude 3 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

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