/gri zuy", -zayl"/; Fr. /grddee zah"yeu/, n., pl. grisailles /-zuyz", -zaylz"/; Fr. /-zah"yeu/ for 2.
1. monochromatic painting in shades of gray.
2. a work of art, as a painting or stained-glass window, executed in grisaille.
[1840-50; < F: painted in gray monotone, equiv. to gris gray + -aille n. suffix]

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Painting technique by which an image is executed entirely in shades of gray and usually modeled to produce the illusion of sculpture or relief.

It was used especially by 15th-century Flemish painters (e.g., Jan van Eyck's Ghent Altarpiece, 1432) and in the late 18th century to imitate Classical sculpture in wall and ceiling decoration. It is sometimes used to produce monotone underpainting for translucent oil colours. In the 16th century grisaille enamels were developed in Limoges, France; the technique achieves a dramatic effect of light and shade and a pronounced sense of three-dimensionality.

Grisaille stained glass, detail of the Five Sisters Window, 13th century, Cathedral of St. Peter, ...

Copyright Sonia Halliday and Laura Lushington

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 painting technique by which an image is executed entirely in shades of gray and usually severely modeled to create the illusion of sculpture, especially relief. This aspect of grisaille was used particularly by the 15th-century Flemish painters (as in the outer wings of the van Eycks (Eyck, Jan van)' Ghent Altarpiece) and in the late 18th century to imitate classical sculpture in wall and ceiling decoration. Among glass painters, grisaille is the name of a gray, vitreous pigment used in the art of colouring glass for stained glass. In French, grisaille has also come to mean any painting technique in which translucent oil colours are laid over a monotone underpainting.

      In the grisaille enamel painting technique, pulverized white vitreous enamel is made into a paste by mixing it with water, turpentine, oil of lavender, or petroleum oil and is then applied to a dark enamel ground, usually coloured black or blue. Lighter areas of the design are thickly painted, while the gray areas are obtained by painting with thinner coats to allow the dark background colour to tone the white enamel pigment. This technique achieves a dramatic effect of light and shade and a pronounced sense of three-dimensionality. Grisaille enamels were developed in the 16th century in France by the Limoges school of enamelers (Limoges painted enamel). Among the most noted practitioners of this technique were members of the Pénicaud Family. The technique was also popular with some 20th-century painters, including Alfred Leslie and Chuck Close (Close, Chuck).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • GRISAILLE — Le terme de grisaille désigne une peinture traitée en monochromie pour imiter le bas relief à l’aide d’une dégradation entre le noir et le blanc de valeurs grises. Cette monochromie peut être établie également à partir d’une gamme chromatique… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Grisaille — (grĭ zī , zāl ; French: gris , grey, French pronunciation: /ɡʁi.zaj/) is a term for painting executed entirely in monochrome, usually in shades of grey or brown, particularly used in decoration to represent objects in relief. Italian examples may …   Wikipedia

  • Grisaille — de vitrail: Hérode et les rois mages (musée du Moyen Âge), France, XVe siècle La grisaille, en peinture, est une technique picturale synonyme de chiaroscuro, ou clair obscur comme le précise Vasari …   Wikipédia en Français

  • grisaillé — grisaillé, ée (gri zâ llé, llée, ll mouillées) part. passé de grisailler. Fait en grisaille. •   Ornés de figures taillées, Très artistement grisaillées, SCARRON Virg. IV.    Fig. •   Il est certain que je trouve quelque chose d usé, de passé, de …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • grisaille — Grisaille. s. f. Peinture où l on n employe que le blanc & le noir pour toutes couleurs. Faire de la grisaille. travailler en grisaille. il y a d assez belles grisailles dans cette gallerie …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • grisaille — grisáille (fr.) [pron. grizáĩ] ( saille) s. n., pl. grisáille uri Trimis de gall, 15.01.2008. Sursa: DOOM 2 …   Dicționar Român

  • grisaille — (n.) painting technique, 1848, from Fr. grisaille (17c.), from gris gray (12c.), from a Germanic source (see AMBERGRIS (Cf. ambergris)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Grisaille — Gri saille , n. [F., from gris gray.] 1. (Fine Arts) Decorative painting in gray monochrome; used in English especially for painted glass. [1913 Webster] 2. A kind of French fancy dress goods. Knight. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Grisaille — (spr. Grisalg), 1) mit grauer Farbe gemalt, s.u. Camaïeu; 2) eine Vermischung von grauen u. weißen Haaren zu Perücken …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Grisaille — (franz., spr. sáj ), s. Camaïeu. Grisailles heißen auch leichte, aus weißem und schwarzem oder dunklem Garn feingitterig gewebte Seidenstoffe …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Grisaille — Grisaille, leichte, aus weißem und schwarzem oder dunkelm Garn feingitterig gewebte Seidenstoffe …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik

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