golden age

golden age
1. the most flourishing period in the history of a nation, literature, etc.
2. Class. Myth. the first and best of the four ages of humankind; an era of peace and innocence that finally yielded to the silver age.
3. (usually caps.) a period in Latin literature, 70 B.C. to A.D. 14, in which Cicero, Catullus, Horace, Vergil, Ovid, and others wrote; the first phase of classical Latin. Cf. silver age (def. 2).
4. the period in life after middle age, traditionally characterized by wisdom, contentment, and useful leisure.
5. the age at which a person normally retires.

* * *

      in Latin literature, the period, from approximately 70 BC to AD 18, during which the Latin language was brought to perfection as a literary medium and many Latin classical masterpieces were composed. The Golden Age can be subdivided into two major sections, the Ciceronian period (q.v.; 70–43 BC), dominated by Marcus Tullius Cicero, and the Augustan Age (q.v.; 43 BC–AD 18), a period of mature literary achievements by such writers as Virgil, Horace, and Livy. See also Silver Age.

Spanish  Siglo De Oro,  

      the period of Spanish literature extending from the early 16th century to the late 17th century, generally considered the high point in Spain's literary history. The Golden Age began with the partial political unification of Spain about 1500. Its literature is characterized by patriotic and religious fervour, heightened realism, and a new interest in earlier epics and ballads, together with the somewhat less-pronounced influences of humanism and Neoplatonism.

      During the Golden Age such late medieval and early Renaissance forms as the chivalric and pastoral novels underwent their final flowering. They were replaced by the picaresque novel, which usually described the comic adventures of low-born rogues and which was exemplified by the anonymously written Lazarillo de Tormes (1554) and by the works of Mateo Alemán and Francisco Gómez de Quevedo y Villegas. Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra's monumental novel Don Quixote (Part I, 1605; Part II, 1615), a satirical treatment of anachronistic chivalric ideals, combined pastoral, picaresque, and romantic elements in its narrative and remains the single most important literary work produced during the Golden Age. Spanish poetry during the period was initially marked by the adoption of Italian metres and verse forms such as those used by Garcilaso de la Vega. Spanish poetry eventually became marked by the elaborate conceits and wordplay of the Baroque movements known as culteranismo and conceptismo (qq.v.), whose chief practitioners were Luis de Góngora y Argote and Quevedo, respectively. The Golden Age also witnessed the almost singlehanded creation of the Spanish national theatre by the extremely productive playwright Lope de Vega (Vega, Lope de). His establishment of a dramatic tradition using characteristically Spanish themes, values, and subject matter was further developed by Tirso de Molina and by Pedro Calderón de la Barca. Among the highlights of the period's religious literature are the mystical glorifications of spirituality by St. Teresa of Ávila, Luis de León, and St. John of the Cross. The end of the Golden Age is marked by Calderón's death in 1681.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Golden age — Golden Gold en (g[=o]ld n), a. [OE. golden; cf. OE. gulden, AS. gylden, from gold. See {Gold}, and cf. {Guilder}.] [1913 Webster] 1. Made of gold; consisting of gold. [1913 Webster] 2. Having the color of gold; as, the golden grain. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • golden age — golden ages N COUNT: oft N of n A golden age is a period of time during which a very high level of achievement is reached in a particular field of activity, especially in art or literature. You grew up in the golden age of American children s… …   English dictionary

  • golden age — golden ,age noun singular a period of time in the past when something was the most successful: the golden age of British industry …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • Golden Age — n., adj. [after L (Ovid) aurea aetas] 1. Gr. & Rom. Myth. the early age in which mankind was ideally happy, prosperous, and innocent 2. [g a ] a period of great progress, prosperity, or cultural achievement 3. [g a ] of or for golden agers …   English World dictionary

  • golden age — ► NOUN 1) an idyllic, often imaginary past time of peace, prosperity, and happiness. 2) the period when a specified art or activity is at its peak …   English terms dictionary

  • Golden age — The term Golden age is best known from Greek mythology and legend but can also be found in other ancient cultures (see below). It refers either to the highest age in the Greek spectrum of Iron, Bronze, Silver and Golden ages, or to a time in the… …   Wikipedia

  • Golden Age —    The 17th century was a key period for Spain s cultural identity, one that determined its fate as a nation. The year 1492 is a landmark in Spanish history that marks the political rise of the country (at that time made up of the union of… …   Guide to cinema

  • Golden Age —    The 17th century was a key period for Spain s cultural identity, one that determined its fate as a nation. The year 1492 is a landmark in Spanish history that marks the political rise of the country (at that time made up of the union of… …   Historical dictionary of Spanish cinema

  • Golden Age — Lucas Cranach d.Ä.: Das Goldene Zeitalter, um 1530 Goldenes Zeitalter (griechisch chrýseon génos, lateinisch aurea aetas oder Saturnia regna für Herrschaft Saturns ) ist ein Begriff aus der antiken griechischen Mythologie. Er bezeichne …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • golden age — A myth of the original condition of humanity, first found in the Works and Days of Hesiod. It is identified with the time of Kronos, before Zeus began to rule (in Roman mythology, the time of Saturn). Justice and honesty ruled, there was no… …   Philosophy dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”