Garand rifle

Garand rifle
/gar"euhnd, geuh rand"/.
See M-1.
[1935-40; named after John C. GARAND]

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also called  M1 rifle 

      semiautomatic, gas-operated .30-calibre rifle adopted by the U.S. Army in 1936. It was developed by John C. Garand (Garand, John C.), a civilian engineer employed at the Springfield Armory, Springfield, Mass. The Garand was the first semiautomatic military rifle used as a standard combat shoulder weapon. It was the basic U.S. infantry weapon in both World War II and the Korean War. More than 5,000,000 M1s were manufactured.

      The Garand weighed 9.5 pounds (4.3 kg) and was fed from an eight-round clip. Its 24-inch (61-centimetre) barrel was rifled with four grooves. Located next to the muzzle on the underside of the barrel was the small gas port that fed some of the propellant gases into a small cylinder that operated the autoloading mechanism.

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Garand rifle — ☆ Garand rifle [gar′ənd, gə rand′ ] n. [after J. C. Garand, U.S. engineer who invented it] a semiautomatic, rapid firing, .30 caliber rifle: the former standard infantry weapon of the U.S. Army: see also SPRINGFIELD RIFLE …   English World dictionary

  • Garand rifle — noun a semiautomatic rifle • Syn: ↑Garand, ↑M 1, ↑M 1 rifle • Hypernyms: ↑semiautomatic firearm, ↑rifle * * * noun see m 1 * * * /gar euhnd, g …   Useful english dictionary

  • Garand rifle — noun Etymology: John C. Garand Date: 1931 M1 rifle …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Garand rifle — Gar′and ri′fle [[t]ˈgær ənd, gəˈrænd[/t]] n. mil See M 1 • Etymology: 1935–40; after John C. Garand (1888–1974), who invented the semiautomatic rifle …   From formal English to slang

  • M1 Garand rifle — Infobox Weapon name=Rifle, Caliber .30, M1 caption= origin=flag|United States type=Semi automatic rifle is ranged=yes service=1936–1963 used by=See Users wars=World War II, Korean War, Vietnam War (limited) designer=John C. Garand design… …   Wikipedia

  • garand — n. [From the inventor, John C. Garand.] A semiautomatic rifle, also called the {M 1}, used by soldiers of the U. S. army in World War II and Korea. It was the standard weapon issued to infantrymen. Syn: Garand rifle, M 1, M 1 rifle. [WordNet 1.5… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Garand — noun a semiautomatic rifle • Syn: ↑Garand rifle, ↑M 1, ↑M 1 rifle • Hypernyms: ↑semiautomatic firearm, ↑rifle * * * noun or …   Useful english dictionary

  • Garand, John C(antius) — born Jan. 1, 1888, St. Rémi, Que., Can. died Feb. 16, 1974, Springfield, Mass., U.S. Canadian born U.S. firearms engineer. He moved with his family to Connecticut in 1898. From 1919 he worked as a civilian employee at the Springfield Armory.… …   Universalium

  • M1 Garand — Rifle, Caliber .30, M1 M1 Garand with en bloc clips. Type Semi automatic rifle Place of origin …   Wikipedia

  • Garand, John C. — ▪ American engineer in full  John Cantius Garand   born Jan. 1, 1888, St. Rémi, Quebec, Can. died Feb. 16, 1974, Springfield, Mass., U.S.  Canadian born U.S. firearms engineer, inventor of the M1 semiautomatic rifle, with which U.S. infantrymen… …   Universalium

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