Also, elf.

* * *

 in Germanic folklore, originally, a spirit of any kind, later specialized into a diminutive creature, usually in tiny human form. In the Prose, or Younger, Edda, elves were classified as light elves (who were fair) and dark elves (who were darker than pitch); these classifications are roughly equivalent to the Scottish seelie court and unseelie court. The notable characteristics of elves were mischief and volatility. They were believed at various times and in various regions to cause diseases in humans and cattle, to sit upon the breast of a sleeper and give him bad dreams (the German word for nightmare is Alpdrücken, or “elf-pressure”), and to steal human children and substitute changelings (changeling) (deformed or weak elf or fairy children). In the British Isles, flint implements called elf-bolts, elf-arrows, or elf-shot (which are now known to be prehistoric tools used by the aboriginal Irish and the early Scots) were believed to be the weapons with which elves injured cattle. Elves occasionally also were benevolent and helpful. The second edition of Encyclopædia Britannica, which was published in 1777–84, calls the word elf obsolete but reports that belief in such creatures “still subsists in many parts of our own country. . . In the Highlands of Scotland, new-born children are watched till the christening is over, lest they should be stolen or changed by some of these phantastical existences.” In time, elves came to be indistinct from fairies, though both older classics—such as Johann Wolfgang von Goethe's poem “Der Erlkönig” (“The Elf King”)—and such modern classics as J.R.R. Tolkien's Lord of the Rings (1954–55) still treat elves as a distinct type.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?
, , , , , / , / , , (applied in sport to a child)

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Elf 99 — war eine Jugendsendung des DDR Fernsehens. Der Name leitet sich von 1199 ab, der damaligen Postleitzahl des Stadtteils Berlin Adlershof, dem Sitz des Fernsehens der DDR. Logo von Elf 99 – Mit dem Wechsel zu RTL auch Wechsel der Farben des Logos… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Elf — ([e^]lf), n.; pl. {Elves} ([e^]lvz). [AS. [ae]lf, ylf; akin to MHG. alp, G. alp nightmare, incubus, Icel. [=a]lfr elf, Sw. alf, elfva; cf. Skr. [.r]bhu skillful, artful, rabh to grasp. Cf. {Auf}, {Oaf}.] 1. An imaginary supernatural being,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • ELF — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. ELF Aquitaine était une entreprise nationale française de prospection, d’exploitation, de raffinage et de distribution du pétrole (groupe intégré) qui a… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • elf — ELF, elfi, s.m. (În mitologia popoarelor germanice) Fiinţă supranaturală imaginată ca un pitic, binevoitor sau răuvoitor, care simbolizează forţele naturii (apa, focul, pământul etc.). – Din fr. elfe, germ. Elf. Trimis de LauraGellner, 02.02.2009 …   Dicționar Român

  • elf — race of powerful supernatural beings in Germanic folklore, O.E. elf (Mercian, Kentish), ælf (Northumbrian), ylfe (pl., W.Saxon), from P.Gmc. *albiz (Cf. O.S. alf, O.N. alfr, Ger. alp evil spirit, goblin, incubus ), origin unknown, possibly from… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Elf — Elf: Earth Liberation Front (ELF)  Фронт освобождения Земли, экстремистское экологическое движение. ELF (Executable and Linkable Format  формат исполняемых и компонуемых файлов)  формат файлов, используемый во многих UNIX подобных… …   Википедия

  • elf — AdjNum std. (9. Jh.), mhd. eilf, einlif, einlef, ahd. einlif, as. ellevan Stammwort. Aus g. * aina lif (teilweise mit Endung der n Stämme) elf , auch in gt. ainlif, anord. ellifu, ae. endleofan. Das Germanische hat in der Zahlenreihe diese… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • elf — elf; ELF; elf·ish; elf·land; elf·in; elf·ish·ly; …   English syllables

  • Elf — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Elf puede referirse a: Elf, banda de blues rock fundada en 1967. Elf, Earth Front Liberation (Frente de Liberación de la Tierra). Obtenido de Elf Categoría: Wikipedia:Desambiguación …   Wikipedia Español

  • Elf — Elf, Elfe: Unsere heutige Vorstellung von den Wald und Blumenelfen stammt aus der Dichtung des 18. Jh.s und der Romantik. Das Wort »Elf« wurde im 18. Jh. entlehnt aus engl. elf (bei Shakespeare), aengl. ælf. Damit sind eigentlich die… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • Elf — Elf, v. t. To entangle mischievously, as an elf might do. [1913 Webster] Elf all my hair in knots. Shak. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”