Danegeld

Danegeld
/dayn"geld'/, n.
(in medieval England) an additional tax on land believed to have been levied originally as a tribute to the Danish invaders but later continued for other purposes.
Also, danegeld, Danegelt, danegelt /dayn"gelt'/.
[bef. 1150; ME denegeld, danegeld, OE (Domesday Book) Danegeld. See DANE, GELD2]

* * *

Tax levied in Anglo-Saxon England to buy off Danish invaders during the reign of Ethelred II (978–1016).

The term continued to be used to refer to taxes collected by the Anglo-Norman kings in the 11th and 12th century.

* * *

▪ Anglo-Saxon tax
      a tax levied in Anglo-Saxon England to buy off Danish invaders in the reign of Ethelred II (978–1016); it also designates the recurrent gelds, or taxes, collected by the Anglo-Norman kings. The word is not recorded before the Norman Conquest, the usual earlier (Old English) term being gafol (“gavel,” or “tribute”). Though the Danes were sometimes bought off in the 9th century in both England and France, the word Danegeld is usually applied to the payments that began in 991 and continued at intervals until 1016. Danegeld is distinct from heregeld, an annual tax levied between 1012 and 1051 to pay Danish mercenaries. The Anglo-Norman and Angevin kings continued the geld until 1162.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Danegeld — Dane geld , Danegelt Dane gelt , n. [AS. danegeld. See {Dane}, and {Geld}, n.] (Eng. Hist.) An annual tax formerly laid on the English nation to buy off the ravages of Danish invaders, or to maintain forces to oppose them. It afterward became a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Danegeld — (littéralement « tribut aux danois »), était le nom donné, à partir du milieu du IXe siècle, au tribut versé par des populations menacées par les vikings afin que ceux ci les épargnent[1]. C est également un impôt qui fut établi en… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Danegeld —   [englisch deɪngeld], eine von den Königen in England bis 1162 erhobene Grundsteuer, deren Höhe zwischen 12 und 72 denarii pro Grundeinheit (Steuerhufe, Carucata) schwankte. Das Danegeld geht zurück auf die seit 991 gelegentlich zum Freikauf von …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Danegeld — (engl.), so v.w. Dänengeld …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • danegeld — ● danegeld nom masculin Impôt institué par les rois anglo saxons au Xe s. pour payer le tribut aux Danois établis en Angleterre …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Danegeld — [dān′geld΄] n. [ME < ON * Danagiald < Dana, gen. pl. of Danr, Dane + gjald, payment, penalty, akin to OE gieldan: see YIELD] an Anglo Saxon tax supposedly first levied to support forces resisting the Danes invading England and later… …   English World dictionary

  • Danegeld — The runestone U 241 in Lingsberg, Uppland, Sweden, was raised by the grandchildren of Ulfríkr circa 1050 in commemoration of his twice receiving danegeld in England. The Danegeld ( …   Wikipedia

  • Danegeld — Münze, wie sie den Wikingern in England als Tribut gezahlt wurde. Penny von Knut dem Großen, geschlagen in London. Danegeld ist die Bezeichnung eines Tributes, der von den Normannen von England und auch Frankreich gefordert wurde. Die… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Danegeld — In the late 11c and 12c, the term for the pre Conquest *heregeld, levied 1012 51 to pay the *lithesmen of the king s fleet. After 1066, the term was used of a general tax. Danegeld is also used in modern history for the tribute paid to *Viking… …   Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases

  • Danegeld — Dane•geld [[t]ˈdeɪnˌgɛld[/t]] also Dane•gelt [[t] ˌgɛlt[/t]] n. why (sometimes l.c.) (in medieval England) a land tax believed to have been levied orig. as a tribute to the Danish invaders • Etymology: bef. 1150; ME denegeld, danegeld, OE… …   From formal English to slang

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”