/kroh/, n.
1. any of several large oscine birds of the genus Corvus, of the family Corvidae, having a long, stout bill, lustrous black plumage, and a wedge-shaped tail, as the common C. brachyrhynchos, of North America.
2. any of several other birds of the family Corvidae.
3. any of various similar birds of other families.
4. (cap.) Astron. the constellation Corvus.
5. crowbar (def. 1).
6. as the crow flies, in a straight line; by the most direct route: The next town is thirty miles from here, as the crow flies.
7. eat crow, Informal. to be forced to admit to having made a mistake, as by retracting an emphatic statement; suffer humiliation: His prediction was completely wrong, and he had to eat crow.
8. have a crow to pick or pluck with someone, Midland and Southern U.S. to have a reason to disagree or argue with someone.
[bef. 900; ME crowe, OE crawe, crawa; c. OHG krawa; akin to D kraai, G Krähe]
crower, n.crowingly, adv.
/kroh/, v., crowed or, for 1, (esp. Brit.), crew; crowed; crowing; n.
1. to utter the characteristic cry of a rooster.
2. to gloat, boast, or exult (often fol. by over).
3. to utter an inarticulate cry of pleasure, as an infant does.
4. the characteristic cry of a rooster.
5. an inarticulate cry of pleasure.
[bef. 1000; ME crowen, OE crawan; c. D kraaien, G krähen; see CROW1]
Syn. 2. vaunt, brag.

* * *

North American Plains Indian people of southern Montana, U.S. The Crow, whose language belongs to the Siouan language stock, were historically affiliated with the Hidatsa.

Historically, they occupied the area around the Yellowstone River in northern Wyoming and southern Montana. Much of Crow life revolved around the buffalo and the horse. The Crow were prominent as middleman traders, trading horses, bows, and other items to local village Indians in return for guns and metal goods that they carried to the Shoshone in Idaho. The basic element in Crow religious life was the supernatural vision, induced by fasting and isolation. The Crow continually suffered losses from wars with the Blackfoot and Sioux and sided with the whites in the Indian wars of the 1860s and '70s. In 1868 they accepted a reservation carved from former tribal lands in southern Montana. Some 9,100 individuals claimed sole Crow descent in the 2000 U.S. census.

* * *

also called  Absaroka  or  Apsarokee 
 North American Indians of Siouan (Siouan languages) linguistic stock, historically affiliated with the village-dwelling Hidatsa of the upper Missouri River. They occupied the area around the Yellowstone River and its tributaries, particularly the valleys of the Powder, Wind, and Bighorn rivers in what is now Montana.

      Perhaps lured by the trade in horses, and putatively in response to a dispute over the distribution of meat from a slain buffalo, the Crow broke with the Hidatsa and moved westward sometime between the mid-17th and the early 18th century. Traditional Crow social organization included three bands, which were known as Mountain Crow, River Crow, and Kicked-in-Their-Bellies; the last was most likely an offshoot from the Mountain Crow and remained closely allied to that band.

      Much of traditional Crow life revolved around the buffalo and the horse. From the former they made food, clothing, robes, tepee covers, sinew thread, containers, and shields. The latter provided transportation and, through horse racing and trading, a means of entertainment and exchange. By 1740 the Crow had emerged as middlemen engaged in the trading of horses, bows, shirts, and featherwork to the Plains Village tribes for guns and metal goods; these they traded in turn to the Shoshone in Idaho.

      In Crow society women's responsibilities included the processing and preparation of food, housing, and clothing; women also occasionally engaged in raiding parties, particularly when avenging the death of a close relative. Generally, however, warfare was carried on by men and was largely a matter of raiding for horses. For a man to be ranked as a chief, performance of four insults to the enemy, or coups, was required: leading a war party without losing a Crow life, taking a tethered horse from an enemy camp, striking an enemy with a coupstick (a type of club), and wresting a weapon from an enemy. One man from among a camp's chiefs became the head of the camp.

      A basic element in traditional Crow religious life was the vision quest. Through a process involving prayer, solemn vows, fasting in isolation, and, sometimes, piercing the body, a man who attained a vision was “adopted” by a supernatural guardian (guardian spirit) who instructed him in gathering objects into a medicine bundle. He was permitted to share part of his power with other men who had not received visions and to create replica bundles for them. Women also engaged in vision quests, though we know less about traditional women's rituals because few were recorded in the 19th and early 20th centuries.

      The Crow grew tobacco for ritual use; according to their traditions, it had been given to them to overcome their enemies. Unlike other clubs and societies among the Crow, Tobacco Societies involved an entrance fee and an elaborate initiation rite, and they were joined by married couples rather than individuals.

      The Crow began to suffer high losses from the Blackfoot and Dakota Sioux as the American colonial frontier expanded and drove those tribes into Crow country. In response to constant threats from these enemies, the Crow sided with the U.S. military in the Plains wars of the 1860s and '70s. In 1868 they accepted a reservation carved from former tribal lands in southern Montana.

      In the early 21st century, population estimates indicated some 15,000 individuals of Crow descent.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Crow — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para otros usos de este término, véase Crow (desambiguación). Los crow, llamados en su propia lengua apsaróka o apsálooke, son una tribu amerindia de los Estados Unidos, cuyo territorio histórico corresponde al valle …   Wikipedia Español

  • Crow — (engl. crow [kɹoʊ], „Krähe“) bezeichnet: eine der beiden Hauptfiguren der Zeichentrickfilm Reihe The Fox and The Crow eine fiktive Gestalt aus Comicbüchern und darauf basierenden Filmen, siehe The Crow einen nordamerikanischen Indianerstamm,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Crow — Crow, n. [AS. cr[=a]we a crow (in sense 1); akin to D. kraai, G. kr[aum]he; cf. Icel. kr[=a]ka crow. So named from its cry, from AS. cr[=a]wan to crow. See {Crow}, v. i. ] [1913 Webster] 1. (Zo[ o]l.) A bird, usually black, of the genus {Corvus} …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • CROW — Peuple des plaines de l’Amérique du Nord, les Indiens Crow appartiennent à la famille linguistique sioux; ils sont, par leur histoire, liés aux Hidatsa du haut Missouri. Probablement attirés par le commerce des chevaux, les Crow se séparèrent des …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • crow — crow; crow·dy; es·crow·ee; gal·li·crow; gor·crow; pil·crow; crow·die; es·crow; crow·stepped; …   English syllables

  • crow — Ⅰ. crow [1] ► NOUN 1) a large perching bird with mostly glossy black plumage, a heavy bill, and a raucous voice. 2) informal an old or ugly woman. ● as the crow flies Cf. ↑as the crow flies ORIGIN O …   English terms dictionary

  • crow — crow1 [krō] n. [ME croue < OE crawa, akin to Ger krähe, ON kraka < IE base * ger , echoic of hoarse cry > CRAKE, CRANE, CRACK1] 1. a) any of a genus (Corvus) of large, nonmigratory corvids with glossy black plumage and a typical harsh… …   English World dictionary

  • Crow — (kr[=o]), v. i. [imp. {Crew} (kr[udd]) or {Crowed} (kr[=o]d); p. p. {Crowed} ({Crown} (kr[=o]n), Obs.); p. pr. & vb. n. {Crowing}.] [AS. cr[=a]wan; akin to D. kraijen, G. kr[aum]hen, cf. Lith. groti to croak. [root]24. Cf. {Crake}.] 1. To make… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Crow — [krō] n. [transl., via Fr gens de corbeaux, lit., people of the ravens, of their native name, apsáaloke, Crow people ] 1. pl. Crows or Crow a member of a North American Indian people living in the upper basins of the Yellowstone and Bighorn… …   English World dictionary

  • Crow — Crow, Jim →↑Jim Crow …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • crow|dy — crow|die or crow|dy «KROW dee», noun. Scottish. a thick mixture of oatmeal and water; gruel; porridge. ╂[origin uncertain] …   Useful english dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”